Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology

Exam Help

About Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT)

In this course, professionals are taught about various aspects of healthcare. Students perform a variety of diagnostic tests for body fluids, including hematological, bacteriological, immunological, chemical, and microscopic. The following subjects are taught in the program: laboratory of clinical endocrinology and toxicology, laboratory of molecular diagnostics, diagnostic cytology, etc.

It is one of the ever-growing and impromptu courses in modern healthcare. The duration of the BMLT course is 3 years, divided equally into 6 semesters. With the advancement of medicine, physicians need the help of medical laboratories to treat rapidly growing diseases, and BMLT graduates have the opportunity to fill these gaps.

The BMLT course is a new era course that has emerged with medical advances and an increase in the number of laboratories and laboratory technology around the world. The BMLT course focuses on educating students on the importance of laboratories in today's world, the laboratory disciplines, and laboratory techniques to be followed in laboratories.

There are many job opportunities for graduates of BMLT courses, especially in the research and pharmaceutical sectors. Many companies spend a lot of money on research, which gives BMLT graduates a chance to get a job.

The course includes training in conducting tests, operating equipment, collecting information, writing reports, and documenting. Subjects will be taught such as human anatomy, human physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, biomedical waste management, clinical hematology, immunology, and serology, etc.

Applicants wishing to apply for this course must complete 10 + 2 with a minimum of 50% grades in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. There are a number of colleges and universities offering this course, such as Mewara University, Madhav University, and many others.

As BMLT is one of the fastest-growing areas in the healthcare sector, the demand for skilled professionals to treat fast-growing diseases is growing every day. A degree in BMLT will help you gain the practical and technical knowledge for correct diagnosis and how to effectively manage biochemical laboratories.

After completing a degree in BMLT, jobs can be found in areas such as medical clinics, public and private hospitals, medical laboratories, research laboratories, and others.

Highlights of the Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) course:

Here are some of the highlights of the BMLT course:

Course Name

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology

Short Name



3 Years+ 6 Months Internship


10+2 with minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Admission Process

Merit-Based/ Entrance Exam

Course Fees

INR 20,000 to INR 2 LPA

Average Starting Salary

INR 3.5LPA to INR 4.5 LPA

Employment Sectors

Hospitals, Nursing homes, Diagnostic laboratories, Pharmaceutical laboratories, Research & Development centers, etc

Eligibility Criteria For Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT):

The candidate must pass 10 + 2 in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with grades of at least 50-60% from a recognized institution.

The minimum age for the applicant must be 17 years old.

Applicants with no intermediate results are also eligible to apply.

There are no special entrance examinations for admission to this course.

BMLT Admission Process:

Enrollment for a BSc MLT course is usually based on an admission, but some colleges and universities grant direct admission to this course. Grades obtained on qualifying exams are considered upon admission of students.


  • Upon successful application for admission to the relevant colleges, candidates will be asked to appear to participate in the selection processes identified by each individual college.

  • Prior to the selection process, medical universities/colleges will issue relevant merit lists containing candidates' names and ranks, which will be calculated based on previous academic records.

  • The medical college/institutions will then call the students for counseling where each candidate can choose the course and college of their choice.

  • Depending on the candidate's rank according to the merit list, preferred college/university selection, and availability of preferred options, the medical college/university will offer admission to the applicant.

Entrance Based

  • After applying for the required admissions test, as per the rules of the respective colleges, candidates must appear for the admissions test at a specified date and time.

  • After attempting to pass the entrance examination, the governing body publishes an appropriate merit list containing the names of candidates, their grades, and ranks.

  • Unlike other disciplines, healthcare providers rely on counseling processes to admit candidates.

  • Based on the ranks and scores of the candidates according to the admission test and the lists of merit prepared by the institution, each candidate will be asked to attend the consultation processes conducted by the authorized body.

  • At the counseling center, candidates will be asked to select their preferred course and college/university.

  • The medical college/institution will offer admission to courses solely based on the ranks and points obtained by applicants in the entrance exams, the course and college chosen, and the availability of preferred options.

Lateral entry

Through the lateral entry process of admission, students will get direct entry into the second year of the course. The eligibility criteria through this mode are also the same for the regular admission process.

BMLT Entrance Exam

Admission to BSC MLT is either admission based or merit-based. In an admission-based method, students are required to pass an entrance exam to seek admission in any related college or university. Some of the top entrance exams conducted to shortlist students for admission to the BSC MLT syllabus are given below:

JEE Mains - The JEE Full Form is a Joint Entrance Exam. This is the national level entrance exam and is administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year. The exam lasts 3 hours, i.e. 180 minutes, and each correct answer consists of +4 points and -1 points for incorrect answers.

JEE Advanced - Joint Entrance Examination [JEE] Advanced, formerly known as the Indian Institute of Technology - Joint Entrance Examination, is an entrance examination conducted for admission in educational institutions and colleges across India. JEE Advanced is a very difficult test. Major institutions like IITs, NITs, IIITs, etc. accept students on the basis of their JEE Advanced Performance. Candidates are given 3 hours to resolve all issues.

JNUEE - Full-Form JNUEE - Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam. JNUEE 2020 will be hosted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It is a university-level exam that will be taken for admission to various fields of engineering, law, science, humanities, etc. JNU. Through this exam, candidates will gain admission to various UG and PG courses. Admission to the various courses offered by JNU requires a JNUEE qualification.

Syllabus of BMLT:

The Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) consists of subjects related to paramedical disciplines. The focus of this course is on laboratory methods. In the table below, you will find the main subjects of all the three-year and semester topics covered in those years.

Year 1- Subjects

Semester 1 

Semester 2 

Human Physiology 


Cardiovascular system

Human Anatomy

Terminology and general plan of the body

The Nervous System


Musculoskeletal system

Special Senses

Health education and communication

Respiratory System

Genitourinary System

Bio-medical waste management

Digestive System

Endocrine System

Year 2- Subjects

Semester 3

Semester 4 


Introduction and History of Pathology

Mechanism of coagulation


Tissue renewal and repair

Complete blood count

Clinical Haematology

General features of acute and chronic inflammation

Introduction to immunohematology

Immunology and serology

Protein-energy malfunction


Histopathology and his techniques



Year 3 -Subjects

Semester 5

Semester 6

Immunohematology and blood banking

Staining of carbohydrates

Basic principles of blood banking

Clinical enzymology and automation

Demonstration of minerals and pigments in the tissue sample

Other blood group system such as Lewi

Parasitology and virology

Autoimmune disorders

Transfusion transmissible infectious disease screen

Diagnostic cytology 

Demonstration of nucleic acids

Blood components and their preparation

Principles of lab management and medical ethics



Advanced diagnostic techniques



Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology



Diagnostic molecular biology



There are many books that you can refer to study the BMLT course. There are also several well-read books and bestsellers on the market.

Preparation Tips for BSc MLT Course entrance exam:

The most important thing for the student is to identify the factors that influence the success of any entrance exam - it is good to know the latest exam outline. Here are some tips that all candidates should follow when preparing for the BSc MLT entrance exam:

  • Applicants must have a proper study plan so that they can prepare well for the exam and get good grades.

  • Knowledge of the curriculum is essential to help students focus on the main topics and key points during the exam.

  • Candidates need to practice and revisit before exams to help them memorize previously learned topics to reduce unnecessary pressure on exam day.

  • An entrance exam preparation book can help you learn what types of questions will be asked on the exam, how they are phrased, and what results in examiners look for in their answers.

  • One of the best ways to help you prepare for the entrance exam is to take the practice versions. This has many benefits, for example, you will become familiar with the wording and style of the questions, you will be able to narrow down the information that can be displayed on the entrance exam, you will have control with which you can measure your progress as you continue to study and prepare for the exam.

How To Go To College With A Good MLT Undergraduate Course?

To get into the best college for undergraduate medical laboratory technology, there are some important points to keep in mind. So, here are some tips for getting into your chosen college:

  • Students should use their application essays as an opportunity to demonstrate their identity in front of the admissions officer.

  • It is important to make every effort to visit every school that interests your child. Not only will you get a feel for campus life, but you will also express your interest in the school and also be able to ask important questions.

  • Along with essays, job interviews are another way for the student to convey their identity to the admissions staff.

  • Take advantage of college fairs and other opportunities to gather information about different colleges/universities, because many institutions will track students looking for information by updating their files every time potential candidates visit campus or take a field trip.

  • Stay on top of deadlines for filling out surveys through websites, newspapers, and magazines.

Why choose BMLT?

Medical science is one of the best and recognized professions, and many young graduates join with great enthusiasm every year. The BMLT course is one of those health sciences-related courses that help students align with a work ethic in the healthcare sector.

The scope of the BMLT for graduates is determined by designations such as contract R&D laboratory assistant, associate technical manager, medical technician, radiologist, laboratory technician, systems analyst, laboratory assistant, etc. A professional can choose a higher education position. a bachelor's degree in medical laboratory technology [MMLT], which will enable them to expand their knowledge of degree-related subjects.

BSc MLT Course Comparison:

The main differences between the BSc MLT and DMLT programs are presented in the table below so that applicants can understand the differences between the two courses:




Full form

Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology


Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology provides training to aspirants about various operations, treatments, and preventions of diseases that are carried out in the clinical laboratories.  

Students who are interested in investigating and diagnosing the various elements which are related to the prevention and cure of the disease can pursue the Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology Course.


50% in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology as compulsory subjects.

45-50% marks in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects.

Admission process

Entrance exam/Merit-Based

Entrance exam/Merit-Based

Average annual fees

INR 10K - 4L per annum

INR 20,000-80,000

Job positions

Medical Laboratory Technician, Clinical Laboratory Technician, Phlebotomist, Clinical Laboratory Technologist, Medical Laboratory Technologist, Lab Technologist, Biochemist, Medical Phlebotomist, etc.

Lab Assistant, Health Care Assistant, Laboratory System Analyst, Health and Safety Assistant, Educational Consultant, Hospital Outreach Co-Ordinator, etc.  

Average annual salary

INR 2L - 6L per annum

INR 20,000-80,000

Scope of BSC MLT:

The Bachelor of Medicine Laboratory (BMLT) has become an integral part of the healthcare sector. After completing the BMLT, students can also pursue a Master's degree in a related course or undertake research work. They can also start teaching at the school level. Students can even set up their own labs and take up a private practice.

The scope of this course is very broad, and after the Bachelor's degree (Medical Laboratory Technology), candidates can gain many top opportunities in many fields anywhere in the world. Opportunities after this course:

  • Careers in medical laboratory technology are one of the most challenging and rewarding careers on the market today. Every day a technician/technologist learns something new that is good for their career.

  • A number of medical laboratory technicians can find jobs in pathology laboratories, research laboratories, urology offices, pharmaceutical factories, hospitals, and many other fields.

  • In addition to the above opportunities, the applicant can also pursue a career in education as a lecturer/teacher.

  • Over time, the course has increased depending on what the student learns during the course, thus increasing the volume, and the volume has expanded with the increasing number of opportunities.

  • The medical laboratory technology area includes areas such as blood banking, clinical chemistry, hematology, immunology, microbiology, cytotechnology, urinalysis and blood sampling, etc. There are n areas that can serve as suitable career options for graduates. …

B.Sc. at MLT provides ample employment opportunities in the healthcare sector. Every hospital and health sector needs clinical laboratory assistants to identify the problems and diseases causing patients, so this creates more job opportunities for undergraduate graduates. in MLT. Medical laboratory professions have a positive effect on human health. Some of the vacancies offered for the Bachelor of Science in MLT graduates are:

  • CT scan technicians

  • Pathology technician

  • MRI technicians

  • Optical Laboratory Technician

  • X-ray Technicians

  • Dental Machine Technician

  • Radiology Technician

  • Laboratory technician

  • Laboratory Manager

  • Medical Officer

  • Research Associate

  • Medical Record Technician

  • Resident Medical Officer

  • Lab Assistant

  • Laboratory Testing Manager

  • Associate

FAQs Related To BMLT Course:

Question: Is a NEET score required for a BMLT course?

Answer: It is not necessary to take the NEET written exam for the BMLT course as most colleges provide direct admission to students with minimum 12th exam marks.

Question: What percentage do I need to score in grade 12 to enroll in BMLT?

Answer: The minimum percentage requirements for a BMLT course at different colleges vary from college to college, so they may vary. Although in compulsory subjects, you must score at least 50 percent of the points in total.

Question: What is the fee for a BMLT course?

Answer: The cost of a BMLT course varies from institution to institution. Although the average commission is from Rs 20,000 per year to Rs 2 LPA.



Subscribe Now

Follow Us