Bachelor in Optometry

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About Bachelor in Optometry

The program seeks to give a complete picture of diseases of the visual system, methods of their diagnosis and treatment, etc.

There are several paramedical courses that a person can take at the undergraduate level, among which there is a Bachelor of Optometry or BOPTM. The Paramedical Course is offered as a 4-year undergraduate course at medical and paramedical colleges throughout India. If you want to pursue a career as a professional eye disease specialist.

The B.Optom curriculum in India is designed for training and qualification of students in the aspects of human eye response conditions, visual aids, spectacle prescriptions, development and fit of lenses, and other services. The 4-year degree is designed to train you to assist with various procedures.

Bachelor in Optometry Course or B.Sc. Opto is designed to provide knowledge related to eyes, vision, and optics. The course includes three years of education and one year of internship to impart practical knowledge to students in this field. Through this course, students learn about the various processes that involve optical and optical systems.

It also includes information needed to understand the manufacture and production of optical support such as contact lenses, glasses, etc. People who successfully complete this course are able to be diagnosed with eye and vision-related diseases. Students who have completed their 10 + 2 in Science stream (PCMB) with at least 50% marks are eligible for this course. Colleges offer admission mostly through merit, with very few entrance exams. Many colleges also offer admissions based on NEET scores.

Optometry is a healthcare profession that deals with eye health and related scans. The Bachelor of Optometry degree program includes the study of an eye examination, diagnosis, and treatment, specifically visual, optical symptoms, refractive errors and their correction, using lenses and other optical aids. The Bachelor of Optometry degree program includes vision screening, visual problems screening, orthotics, and vision training, optometric counseling for partially sighted patients, color blindness and hereditary visual impairments, and spectacle designing and fitting. And low vision aids.

Highlights of B.Optom Course

Here are the highlights of the main B.Optom course.

Name of Course

Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)




4 Years

Course Mode

Full Time

Exam Type


Academic Requirement

10+2 Science

Aggregate Score Requirement

50% or More

Subject Preference

Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Mathematics

Admission / Selection Process

Entrance / Merit-Based

Average Course Fee


Average Initial Salary

3,60,000 LPA

Areas of Employment

Govt/Pvt Optometry Clinics, Hospitals, Orthoptic Optic Manufacturing Stations, etc.

Selection Criteria for the Bachelor of Optometry

  • The candidate must complete 10 + 2 in the scientific stream of a recognized board or university.

  • The candidate must study physics, chemistry, and biology as compulsory subjects at the 10 + 2 level.

  • Applicants must have at least 50% of the cumulative grades in the scientific stream +2.

  • Applicants must have a medical background to take this course.

Admission Process:

  • Universities follow a direct admission system, but some colleges may have entrance exams.

  • The exam assesses the candidate's knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics.

  • Most colleges have an online application system where, after opening a link, you can apply from the specified link.

  • The application is processed based on the results of the qualification exams of candidates, as well as their certificates and letter of recommendation.

  • Colleges that have entrance exams for the course will post an admissions card after the application is processed.

Steps to be followed to apply for admission to B Optometry:

  • Step 1. Go to the website of the college you are interested in and create an ID as directed.

  • Step 2: Fill in the details and pay the established fee. Provide the required documents if necessary.

  • Step 3: The passcard will be provided shortly after the application is processed. Keep track of exam dates (if applicable).

  • Step 4: Finally, keep checking the college website for the latest updates and notifications about this.

There are several admission methods that colleges and universities across India choose. Popular methods include enrollment and merit-based admissions processes. These are the accepted and practiced procedures for admission to B. Optom in India. Here are the steps for the B.Optom admission process in India.

Entrance-Based Admissions

  • Applicants will be invited to participate in the university level entrance exams for admission to B.Optom courses.

  • Most universities and colleges will conduct their own entrance exams, however, there are several government departments that conduct entrance examinations for paramedical courses. Therefore, applicants are advised to check the admission and eligibility criteria prior to applying for admission.

  • Upon attempting to pass the entrance exam, universities/colleges will issue merit lists listing the names of all candidates in order of rank or score.

  • Based on the ratings or ranks received by the candidates, candidates will be called in for further selection processes, which may include face-to-face interviews and/or group discussions.

  • Depending on the overall performance of candidates in the admissions test and in-person and/or group discussion, universities will offer admissions to potential candidates.

  • Admission to the Bachelor of Optometry program is based on national level entrance exams. The colleges offering this course list students based on their scores on these exams.

Below are some of the popular B.OPTO admission exams:


  • AIIMS Exam

  • JNU Entrance Exam

  • DU Entrance Test

  • CMC

  • AIIMS Entrance Exam: It is an entrance exam conducted for admission to medical and paramedical courses in all Indian medical research institutions throughout India. 

  • CMC Entrance Exam: This is an entrance exam that is administered by the Christian College of Medicine upon admission. The exam scheme is similar to NEET.

  • NEET: This is the national level entrance examination that is taken on admission to leading medical colleges for all medical and related courses. The exam will be based on the basics of physics, chemistry, and biology.

Merit-Based Admissions

  • Upon application, candidates will be asked to participate in the selection processes in accordance with the admission rules for the respective colleges.

  • Choosing different colleges may include face-to-face interviews and / or group discussions.

  • Based on the candidate's overall performance in various selection criteria, such as past academic achievement and results from face-to-face interviews and/or group discussion, colleges/universities will offer admissions to potential candidates.

Counseling-Based Admissions

  • A common selection process chosen by colleges and universities across India is consultancy based admission. This selection method is usually chosen by universities, many of which are affiliates or institutions offering the same course.

  • This selection method can be found in both admission-based admissions and merit-based enrollment in B.Optom courses.

  • Universities that have opted for the consulting services will issue merit lists, which will list the names of candidates based on merit, which will be calculated using their scores on a qualifying exam or entrance test.

  • When admitted on a counseling basis, candidates will be asked to select and select their preferred course and college.

  • Based on candidates' entrance/qualification exam results, their rank/merit list preferred college and course selection, and availability of places in the selected options, universities will offer admission to a potential candidate.

Note. Each college sets its own admission processes and selection criteria for admission to the Bachelor of Optometry course. Therefore, applicants should review the admission rules for each individual college prior to applying for admission.

Syllabus of bachelor of optometry

First Year:

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Ocular Anatomy and Physiology

Basic Biochemistry

Ophthalmic Optics

Physical Optics

Geometric Optics

Ocular Pharmacology

Ocular Microbiology

Second year:

Optic Dispensation

Optometry Investigation

Diseases and Illnesses of the Eye

Visual Optics

Optometric Instruments

Clinical Examination for Visual Systems

Clinical and Advanced Refraction

Fundamentals of Computer

Third year:

Contact Lenses

Eye and Nutrition

Public and Community Optometry

Geriatric Optometry

Diseases and Illness of the Eye

Binocular Vision Ocular Motility

Paediatric Ophthalmology

Mechanical Optics

Fourth year:

Dedicated Solely for One-Year Internships

How to prepare for the entrance exams?

  • Currently, exams are usually held online due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.

  • The test will be in basic science at the 10 + 2 level.

  • Review your 11th and 12th curricula, especially in physics, chemistry, and biology.

Things to remember when preparing for the entrance exams:

  • Take crash courses for entrance examinations if available in your area.

  • Set aside at least 4 hours of study every day.

  • Take notes as you study. They can help with quick last-minute changes.

  • Focus on your weak subjects and spend more time on them.

  • If there are questionnaires from previous years, it is best to resolve them, as this will build your confidence. When solving previous assignments, keep in mind that there are negative ratings, so try accordingly.

How to go to a good college?

  • Follow all the admission rules correctly and without errors.

  • Try to score as many points as possible on the entrance exam. To be eligible for admission, you must earn a minimum of 50% of your NEET points.

  • Make sure you have all the required documents and they are up to date.

  • If in doubt, call the management and get the latest information.

  • Make sure you do well on your exams.

  • Attend crash courses and keep making corrections.

Bachelor of Optometry Career Options and Job Prospects:

Candidates with a bachelor's degree in the optometry program have a lot of ways to successfully complete their degree as optometrists are in constant demand. Ophthalmic care is required by a large number of people, including children, adults, and the elderly. This course enables applicants to meet the needs of those in need of vision and eye care. This is one area where private enterprises thrive very quickly.

There are several job opportunities for B.Optom graduates in India in both the private and public sectors. Each sector and job opportunity offers different opportunities. Here are some of the B.Optom job opportunities in India.

  • Government and Private Hospitals

  • Government and Private Clinics

  • Optometry Laboratories

  • Optic Manufacturing Sectors

Within any field of employment, candidates will be able to work across a range of job profiles that are unique to each company. Initially, job profiles may be numbered, but with the experience and skills gained over the years, graduates will be able to work in different profiles. Below are some B. Optom job profiles that graduates can choose from:

  • Optometrist

  • Optician

  • Vision care worker

  • Trainee optometrist

  • Optometry Researcher

  • Vision consultant

  • Private practitioner

An optometrist can receive a monthly salary of Rs. Rs 20,000 40,000 early in his career. Experience and reputation are two major factors that play an important role in an optometrist's career. A good reputation can attract more customers to take care of. Graduates can also earn up to Rs. 5 lakhs per year, depending on their knowledge and the city in which they plan to work. An experienced optometrist can earn up to Rs. 10 lakhs per year and more.

In addition to pursuing a career immediately after completing the course, many graduates also choose to pursue higher education after a Bachelor's degree in Optoma. Earning a higher education or master's degree after a Bachelor of Optometry will help in improving the careers of graduates. Some of the higher education prospects for B. Optom graduates include:

  • Master of Optometry

  • M.Sc in Optometry

  • PD Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology

  • MBA

  • PGDM

As indicated in the above list, graduates also have the opportunity to pursue their studies in various disciplines such as MBA and PGDM. This will help improve the candidate's prospects for employment and possibly open up opportunities for management positions later in life.

B Optometry vs Bachelor's Degree in Optometry

B Optometry and Bachelor of Optometry are the two most popular undergraduate courses in Optometry. While B.Optom is more of a professional course, the Bachelor of Optometry focuses more on theoretical studies in this area. The main differences between the two courses are summarized in the table below.


B Optometry 

BSc in Optometry 

Full Form

Bachelor in Optometry

Bachelor of Science in Optometry 

Course Overview

It’s an under-graduation degree which will give you an in-depth understanding of the working of the eyes and the treatment of the same in cases of inflictions.

It’s an undergraduate degree which will give you an in-depth understanding of the machines and the eyes by giving paramedical training to the students. 

Eligibility Criteria 

10+2 with minimum 50% in PCBM

10+2 in PCBM

Average Annual Fees

INR 15,000 to INR 1,50,000

INR 10,000 to INR 1,00,000

Average Annual Salary

INR 4,30,000

INR 2,50,000 to 8,00,000


AIIMS, SRM University for Science and Technology, Sanskriti University, Chitrakara University,

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, JNU, Abhaya College of Nursing

Best Colleges for B-Optometry

Many leading medical colleges and technical universities in India offer optometry B courses. Below we have mentioned some of them.

NIRF Ranking 2020 

College Name


Admission Process

Average Annual Fees

1 (Medical) 


New Delhi 

Entrance based

INR 1,145

3 (Medical) 

Christian Medical College 


Entrance based

INR 23,255

9 (Medical) 

Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Kasturba Medical College) 


Entrance Based 

INR 2,03,000

13 (Medical) 

Shri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education 



INR 1,50,000 

31 (Medical) 

SRM Institute of Technology 


Entrance Based 

INR 1,30,000

151-200 (University) 

Chitrakara University



INR 1,14,000

150-200 (University) 

Sharda University



INR 1,26,000


Ansal University



INR 1,28,000


ITM University



INR 1,20,000

FAQs related to B Optometry 

Question: What are the average annual fees that will be required to earn a degree?

Answer: The average fee commission will be between Rs 2,000 and 2,000,000.

Question: Is there a mandatory internship in this course?

Answer: Yes, this course includes 6 months to 1 year of compulsory internship.

Question: What are the best colleges offering Bachelor of Optometry courses?

Answer: Below is some of the best colleges that offer paramedic courses: Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (Puducherry), St. Xavier College (Mumbai), Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (New Delhi), Armed Forces College of Medicine (Pune), Grant College of Medicine (Mumbai). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer a Bachelor in Optometry or not.

Question: What are the popular specializations for the Bachelor of Optometry?

Answer: Some of the popular B.Optom specializations. (Bachelor of Optometry): Ophthalmic Technologies, Optometry, Optometry, and Ophthalmic Technologies.

Question: What is the average Bachelor of Optometry course fee?

Answer: The average fee for an undergraduate degree in Optometry is INR 250,000 per year.

Question: I want to apply for a BA in Optometry. Do I have to take any exams for this?

Ans: Delhi Arts University, Delhi Science University are some of the exams that you can take to get admission in Bachelor Opt F optometry course.





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