Bachelor of Architecture

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What is Bachelor of Architecture?

B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture) is a bachelor's degree in the field of architecture. This five-year, full-time program is a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge for students to learn the art of planning, designing and building physical structures of various types. From ideation to mapping and construction supervision, a qualified architect is involved in every stage of any construction project.

Bachelor of Architecture is a 5-year undergraduate program that can be started after class 12 with a minimum of 50% grades. This course is designed to produce professional and licensed architects who are licensed to undertake private construction and government construction. The architectural study includes the activity of designing building models, preparing the construction plan and other physical structures of any land and building. The growing demand in the construction industry and other commercial industries can be met by professionals and experts, who anyone can become after following this course.

This course consists of various aspects of different streams of humanities, engineering, aesthetics, etc. The Bachelor of Architecture study program consists of various topics of theory, study, project work, practical training, and research training.

Course level



5 years

Examination type

Semester system


10+2 with 50% marks

Average course fees

Rs 2-6 lakh

Average starting annual salary

Rs 2.5-5.5 lakh

To become an architect, interested candidates must have a rational and artistic mindset along with problem-solving skills. The professional scope of Bachelor of Architecture graduates in India is tremendous with the burgeoning construction sector. A qualified Bachelor of Architecture graduate has the option of choosing their line of work from a variety of areas ranging from consultants to architectural designers.

B. Arc Eligibility and Upper Entrance Exam

To study a full-time Bachelor of Architecture program, students must meet the eligibility requirements listed. Applicants must have passed their 10 + 2 exam or equivalent with Mathematics as one of the subjects. They must have obtained a minimum of 50 percent marks (45 percent for the reserved category) in 10 + 2. Or should have passed the 10 + 3 Diploma (any course) recognized by central / state governments with 50 percent of total grades. Or you should have completed your International Baccalaureate Diploma, after 10 years of schooling, with no less than 50 percent of grades in total and with Mathematics as a compulsory examination subject.The National Architectural Aptitude Test (NATA) and the Architectural Aptitude Test (AAT) are two of the most popular Bachelor of Architecture entrance exams. The former is widely accepted by the universities that offer these programs. The AAT is an entrance exam for admission to architecture programs offered by the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT).

What is the Bachelor of Architecture admissions process?

Candidates can enter this course through NATA or any other architecture entrance exam.

The basic steps of the Bachelor of Architecture intake procedure are as follows:

  • Visit the institute's official website or go directly to the institute's admissions office to use the application forms.

  • Please fill in the application form carefully, upload the documents that the university requested in the application form in the prescribed dimensions and format.

  • Make the final payment of the registration fee (if applicable)

  • Please print out the application form for future reference.

  • Take any architectural entrance exam (such as NATA, JEE Mains, etc.)

After this process, the students who will be shortlisted in the given entrance exam will be summoned for the counseling process and, based on skills and availability of places, suitable candidates will be admitted. This admissions procedure is more or less the same at all Bachelor of Architecture universities. You can also follow this course online and also from abroad.

What are the Top Bachelor of Architecture entrance exams?

NATA 2020 is the main BArch entrance exam. More than 30,000 students sat for the exam in 2019. This national level exam is conducted by the Council of Architecture for admission to various central, national and state universities of architecture across India.JEE Mains, This exam is primarily for admission to engineering courses, but also provides admission to Bachelor of Architecture and B. Planning. The exam is carried out by NTA both online and offline. The exam does not have a negative grade. AMUEEE, This exam is conducted by the Muslim University of Aligarh for engineering and the course Bachelor of Architecture. The exam is done in offline mode.One can secure a place in an esteemed university / college if they start preparing for NATA or any other entrance exams in advance. There are mainly five basic sections in the exams:

  • Physical

  • Mathematics

  • Chemistry

  • Logic reasoning

  • General fitness

Some exams may also have a General Knowledge portion, and some only contain Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics questions. In all Bachelor of Architecture entrance exams, there will be Math, Chemistry and Physics questions, therefore your knowledge of Class XII science subjects should be solid.

Bachelor of Architecture themes

The Bachelor of Architecture syllabus is formulated in such a way that students become proficient in core courses and improve their skills with the help of electives and hands-on studio training. The following table shows the main Bachelor of Architecture subjects with respect to each semester. Have a look:

Semester I and II

Architectural Design I

Architectural Design II

Visual Arts and Basic Design I

Visual Arts and Basic Design II

Computer Applications I

Computer Applications II

Building Construction I

Building Construction II

Theory of Structures I

Theory of Structures II

Environmental Studies

Climate-responsive Design

Model making and Workshop

Surveying and Leveling

Human Settl. & Vernacular Arch.

History of Architecture I

Professional Communications I

Sociology and Culture


Professional Communications II

Semester III and IV

Architectural Design III

Architectural Design IV

Visual Arts and Basic Design III

Visual Arts and Basic Design IV

Computer Applications III

Computer Applications IV

Building and Construction III

Building and Construction IV

Theory of Structures III

Theory of Structures IV

Water, Waste, and Sanitation

Electrification, Lighting & Acoustics

Site Planning and Landscape Studies

Solar Active and Passive Systems

History of Architecture II

History of Architecture III

Art and Architectural Appreciation I

Art and Architectural Appreciation II

Research Elective I

Research Elective II

Semester V and VI

Architectural Design V

Architectural Design VI

Building Construction V

Building Construction VI

Theory of Structures V

Theory of Structure & Design II

HVAC. Mech. Mobility & Fire Safety

Green Systems Integration

Energy System & Renewables

Sustainable Urban Habitats

History of Architecture IV

Specifications & Contracts 

Design Methodology II

Contemporary Architecture

Art and Architectural Appreciation III

Architectural Theories

Arch. Research- Elective III

Art & Architectural Appreciation IV

Arch. Research- Elective IV


Semester VII and VIII

Architectural Design VII

Practical Training 

Working Drawings


Project Management


Architectural Appreciation IV


Arch. Research Seminar


Arch. Research- Elective V


Arch. Research- Elective VI


Semester IX and X

Architectural Design IX

Architectural Design Thesis

Professional Practice

Thesis Design Research

Urban Design Studies

Professional Practice

Arch. Research Dissertation/ Art Thesis


Arch. Research- Elective VII


Arch. Research- Elective VIII


B. Arch  Study Program

Throughout the 10 semesters of the five-year degree, students will study the following subjects and topics. Please note that subjects may vary from university to university.

Advanced Visual Representation

Electrical, HVAC, Fire Safety and Building Automation

Ancient Civilizations

Environmental Sciences

Applied Climatology

Fundamental Architecture Studio

Applied Mathematics

Estimation, Costing & Specifications

Architectural Design Studio: Functionally Complex

High and Late medieval period

Architectural Design Studio: Heritage Context

History of Architecture & Human Settlements

Architectural Design Studio: Housing

History of Architecture & Human Settlements  - Late medieval & early modern architecture

Architectural Design Studio: Residential 

Interior Architecture & Space Programming

Architectural Design Studio: Rural Context

Introduction to Landscape Design

Architectural Design Studio: Urban Context

Introduction to Structures

Architectural Design Thesis

Introduction to Urban Design

Architecture and Urbanism in Asia

Landforms Survey & Analysis

Behavioral Architecture

Lighting, Ventilation & Acoustics

Building Economics

Modern and Post-Modern Era

Building Materials and Construction

Professional Practice


RCC Structures

Classical & early Medieval period

Steel Structures

Computer Simulation & Modelling

Structural Analysis

Construction Project Management

Structural Mechanics

Design Communication

Theory of Architecture

Disaster Resilient Buildings

Visual Representation

Water Supply & Sanitation


Additionally, Bachelor of Architecture students will also have the option of choosing skill- and theory-based electives and attending workshops.

B. Arch Jobs, salary and best recruiters

Many architects start out as consultants with a regular monthly payment of Rs 2-4 lakh per year. Salary varies based on the applicant's skill set. These are the job profiles and the average salary you can once expect after completing a B.Arch program.The career opportunities for architects are very high due to the boom in the construction and design fields. They are sued in various governmental and private organizations. You can work in the sectors of construction, urban planning, urban development corporations, public works departments, interior design, etc.

Architects have many job opportunities in architectural firms, universities, consulting firms, etc. The global marketplace, especially in the US, Australia, and Dubai, offers attractive careers and jobs for architecture graduates. Architects can work both in the office and on the construction site. In construction companies they work as a designer. You can also work independently and obtain an occupation through consulting positions that depend on your skills, profile and experience.

As an architect, your work is not limited to corporate workplace design rather than designing houses, colonies, apartments, hospitals, hotels, stadiums, shopping complexes, schools, industrial complexes, etc. Government organizations offering jobs to Bachelor of Architecture candidates, such as the Department of Archeology, the National Construction Organization, the Ministry of Defense, the Departments of Railways, the Corporation for Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Public Works , etc.

Some other organizations that also hire architects are: Builders, State Departments, Consultants, Local Organizations for construction works, Architecture Firms, etc. After completing graduation, you can pursue higher studies. You can pursue a master's degree or further study in the field of architecture. You can also work as a teacher in various Institutions. You can also work with an architectural firm or under the supervision of a well-established architect.

As an Architecture Consultant, you can work in different construction companies.

Job Profiles

Average Salary (in Rs lakh)

Project Architect


Architecture Designer


Principal Architect


Interior Designer


Assistant Professor


Senior Interior Designer


Senior Project Architect


Project Manager


Design Manager


Interior Architect


Urban Planner


Senior Principal Architect


Landscape Architect


Design Architect


As an architect, you can earn a starting salary of approximately Rs. 4 lac to Rs. 5 Lacs per year. The salary will increase with your experience in this field. Candidates who have a work experience of more than 5 years can earn a salary between Rs. 8 lac to Rs. 10 Lacs per year. The salary is high in the private sector compared to the government sector. In the USA, Architect can earn a salary of around $ 95,000 per year. The salary will also depend on your job profile, company, location and work experience.

Bachelor of Architecture: Top Companies and Recruiters

From academic institutes to construction companies, Bachelor of Architecture graduates have a wealth of lucrative opportunities to choose from. Some of the top companies that hire Bachelor of Architecture graduates are:

Architect Hafeez Contractor

Gaursons India

Dar Al Handasah

C P Kukreja Associates

RSP Architects Ltd

Oscar &Ponni Architects


Kembhavi Architecture Foundation

ShapoorjiPallonji& Co. Ltd.

Shilpa Architects


Christopher Charles Benninger Architects

Raj Rewal Associates

Somaya&Kalappa Consultants

And after B.Arch?

An architect has very wide options for professional growth in the private sector and also in the government sector. It is the responsibility of architectural professionals to balance the design format and the practical production of the design. After completing this course, you can join various private and government organizations such as:

Public Works Department

National Building Organization

National Institute of Urban Affairs

Hindustan Prefab Limited


Archaeological Department

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

Public Service Commission

Urban Development Corporation


Ministry of Defense

City Development Corporation

Departments of Railways

Housing Boards


Arcop Associates

HBA International

Skets Studio

Sleek International


Greenply Industries

Hafele India

C.P. Kukreja Associates



DLF Limited



Somaya&Kalappa Consultants


Traditionally, B.Arch graduates primarily opt for Architect jobs, whose job description includes responsibility for creating construction design, coordinating with construction processionals, urban planning, project completion, residential and commercial building construction, etc.

Bachelor of Architecture FAQ’S

Q. What is the Bachelor of Architecture course?

A. the Bachelor of Architecture program is structured to allow students to understand the human habitation by exposing them to different contexts.

Q. Why study in a 5-year program?

A. Architectural design is a multifaceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied to achieve a built environment. Therefore, the Architecture Council has mandated a 5-year program.

Q. Can the BArch course be taken part-time or at a distance?

A. No, it cannot be done part-time according to the standards of the Council of Architecture.

Q. What do architects do in their profession?

A. The following are the responsibilities of an architect: Research and analysis of the client's objectives and requirements. Formulation of diagrams and plans with the help of two-dimensional and three-dimensional design concepts. Selection and specification of materials, furniture, fixtures and equipment for construction.

Q. What are the career prospects after graduation?

A. Architects can work in the construction, urban planning, urban development corporations, public works departments, interior design, and etc.sectors.



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