Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

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What is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery?

BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is a degree program in the field of medicine. This degree covers the medical knowledge of the homeopathic system. After completing this degree, you are eligible to become a physician in the field of homeopathic medicine. The title holder is eligible to have the prefix as a physician, the abbreviation is Dr.

Homeopathy is the system of alternative medicines. Patients are cared for by enhancing the natural healing power of the human body. The concept of homeopathy is that the body rejuvenates itself due to its self-healing power. We just need to help you by enhancing the natural healing power.

Homeopathy is also known as a holistic medical system that involves treating patients by enhancing the body's natural healing system. It is practiced by trained homeopaths who are experienced and qualified to advise and prescribe medications based on your diagnosis. Homeopathy has found its way into the various medical schools. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery or BHMS is a graduate program in homeopathy that covers knowledge of homeopathic medicine. Upon completion of this degree, students are eligible to become physicians in the domain of homeopathic medicine. Today, many students who want to pursue a career in medicine prefer homeopathic medicine studies, compared to other medical courses.

"Homeopathy is the holistic medical system that intervenes in the treatment of patients with high dilutions of homeopathic medicines mainly in liquid form and in tablets, which improve the body's natural healing system."

Homeopathy is the third popular medication system in India, after the allopathic and Ayurveda system. According to this system, the emotions, the mind and the body are interrelated and the remedies whose effect on them seem to be suitable for the patient. The person got sick or has a disorder if it is out of harmony with the previous three. Homeopathic medicines are administered to the patient based on his physical symptoms, emotional problems, and lifestyle. And the best part about this medication system, which makes it valuable, among others, that there are no side effects on the body with these medications.

BHMS: What is it about?

The Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery course covers the theoretical and practical knowledge of the homeopathic system. Homeopathy relies on the self-healing power of our bodies and focuses on accentuating it. One of the most popular medication systems in India alongside allopathy and Ayurveda, homeopathy is widely practiced. The course curriculum includes topics such as human anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, and community medicine. The course covers a collection of clinical and preclinical topics.

Why study BHMS?

The main reasons to study BHMS are the following:

  • It is the second most important medical alternative after allopathy.

  • Very respected profession.

  • A five and a half year course that provides in-depth knowledge on the subject.

  • There are homeopathic colleges abroad that also offer higher education in the particular field.

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

The minimum eligibility to pursue BHMS is grades X and XII from an approved board of education with Biology / Chemistry / Physics / English as the major subjects studied in class XII, with a total score of at least 50 percent. The prescribed minimum age limit is 17 years.

Required Skills for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Homeopathy practitioners require a unique set of skills to best serve their patients; some of which are inherent and others that can be learned. Everyday duties will require different skills, and by honing and honing them, you can become more competitive and your job will be much more affordable and enjoyable. Interest in promoting natural health and mastering homeopathic remedies Ability to explain complex ideas with ease and use logic / reasoning to identify strengths / weaknesses of alternative solutions. Ability to prioritize work and manage workload, including the ability to work under pressure. 

Building and developing excellent relationships with patient’s Emotional resilience and initiative and willingness to work in a pressured environment and challenging / stressful situations. Eagerly seeking ways to help others and a compassionate / caring approach to other people's feelings. Pay full attention to what others are transmitting, take the time to understand the established points, make inquiries as appropriate and avoid untimely interruptions.  Strong verbal and listening skills, an open mind and a willingness to learn. The ability to work efficiently as part of a multidisciplinary healthcare team.

BHMS admission process

Admission to some of the best institutes for BHMS courses is through the entrance exam. Candidates must pass different entrance exams conducted at the national and state level. Candidates are selected based on the grades obtained in the respective entrance exam, followed by a round of group discussion and personal interview. With this, the skills and abilities of the candidates can be judged and shortlisted. Those candidates who successfully pass the entrance examination can apply for the additional rounds of advisory.

BHMS Entrance Exams

Below is a list of the entrance exams taken for admission to the BHMS course.

NEET: The National Cum Entry Eligibility Test (Undergraduate), is an entrance examination in India for students who want to study undergraduate medical courses.

TS EAMCET: TS EAMCET is a state level entrance exam to grant admission to first year engineering / agriculture / medicine courses at various colleges / universities in the state of Telangana.

AP EAMCET: AP EAMCET is an entrance examination that is taken separately in the Indian states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for admission to various universities in both states in the areas of Engineering, Medicine and Agriculture.

KEAM: KEAM (Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical) is a series of entrance examinations for admission to various professional degree courses in the state of Kerala, India.

PU CET: PU CET (Punjab University Common Entrance Test) is a state-level entrance examination conducted by Punjab University, Chandigarh for candidates seeking admission to the various UG and PG programs.

The application form for the entrance test is available both offline and online on the official website of the board conducting the exam. A draft claim of the specified amount must be submitted prior to completing the request form via online mode. Candidates applying with an offline method should pick up the application form from the counter of the universities offering this course.

BHMS Higher Exam (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)

The National Income Eligibility Test - NEET is a one-time entrance examination conducted to grant admission to around 82,926 MBBS, 26,949 BDS, 52,720 AYUSH, and 525 BVSc & AH offered in Indian universities. NEET 2020 will be held for around 16.84 lakhs of registered applicants. After scoring the NEET cutoff percentile, applicants will be eligible to participate in counseling for the BHMS admissions process.

Course Length and Admission Criteria for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

BHMS is an undergraduate academic degree course that covers the medical knowledge of the homeopathic system. The duration of the course is 5.5 years, which includes 4.5 years of study followed by 1 year of internship. Each student must complete a mandatory one-year rotating internship after passing the final BHMS exam. Only thereafter will the student be eligible for the award of the BHMS degree by the relevant college / university / institute. Admission to the BHMS course is made through the entrance exam. Candidates must pass different entrance exams conducted at the state and national level. Some of the entrance exams performed for admission to BHMS are:

  • National Cum Income Eligibility Test (NEET)

  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Income Test (BVP CET)

  • Engineering, Agriculture and Medicine Common Entrance Test (Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) (EAMCET)

  • Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET)

  • Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medicine (KEAM)

  • Punjab University Common Entrance Test (PUCET)

Candidates are selected based on the grades obtained in the twelfth final exam and the respective entrance exam, which is followed by a round of personal interview and group discussion. With this, the abilities and skills of the candidates are judged and shortlisted. Shortlisted candidates can apply for further rounds of counseling.

Course Curriculum for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

The BHMS course comprises theoretical and practical knowledge of the homeopathic medication system. The course curriculum covers topics such as Human Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, among others. The course includes a compendium of clinical and preclinical topics.

The BHMS academic program is divided into four parts. The first part has a duration of 1.5 years, and parts 2, 3 and 4 have a duration of one year each. Adequate importance is given to the theoretical part of the learning together with the practical sessions. While the core of the curriculum is followed in most colleges / institutes / universities across the country, minor deviations from the regulated curriculum are observed in some colleges / institutes / universities.

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) Program

BHMS - First Year

Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology

Physiology including Biochemistry

Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology

Homeopathic Materia Medica

Homeopathic Pharmacy



BHMS - Second Year

Pathology and Microbiology including Virology and Parasitology Bacteriology

Organon of Medicine and Principles of Homeopathic Philosophy

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Homoeopathic Materia Medica

Surgery including ENT, Eye Dental and Homeo Therapeutics

Practice of Medicine and Homeo Therapeutics

Obstetrics and Gynecology Infant Care and Homeo Therapeutics



BHMS - Third Year

The Practice of Medicine and Homeo Therapeutics

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Infant Care and Homeo Therapeutics

Surgery including ENT, Ophthalmology, Dental and Homeo Therapeutics

Organon of Medicine

Homoeopathic Materia Medica



BHMS – Fourth Year

The Practice of Medicine and Homeo Therapeutics

Organon of Medicine

Homoeopathic Materia Medica


Community Medicine



Specializations in Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Homeopathic Pharmacy

Homeopathic Paediatrics

Homeopathic Psychiatry

Homeopathic Skin Specialist

Homeopathic Infertility Specialist



Postgraduate courses after Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Candidates can work or opt for higher studies in homeopathy and related areas. Below is a list of majors in which you can pursue graduate school after completing BHMS:

M.D (Hom) Materia Medica

M.Sc Clinical Research

M.D (Hom) Organon of Medicine and Philosophy

M.Sc Human Genome

M.D (Hom) Practice of Medicine

M.Sc Applied Psychology

M.D (Hom) Case Taking and Repertorisation

M.Sc Medical Biochemistry

M.D (Hom) Psychiatry

M.Sc Health Sciences and Yoga Therapy

M.D (Hom) Paediatrics

PGDM Holistic Health Care

M.D (Hom) Pharmacy

PGDM Acupuncture

M.Sc Epidemiology

PGDM Preventive and Promotive Health Care

M.Sc Medical Biochemistry

PGDM Diabetes Mellitus

M.Sc Medical Anatomy

PGDM Clinical Diabetology

M.Sc Neuroscience

MHA (Master of Hospital Administration)

M.Sc Genetics

MBA (Healthcare Management)

M.Sc Food and Nutrition

MPH (Master of Public Health)

Job profile and average salaries

Over the years, the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines has multiplied; mainly due to ongoing research in this field. This has also led to an increase in the professional opportunities offered to students. There are bright job prospects in this field in India and abroad, as these days people seek medical care that has no side effects. The career opportunity after the completion of BHMS is not only in India but also in abroad. Many organizations are working in the manufacturing and research field in abroad are requiring the professional in this field.

The candidate who has the degree of BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is eligible to be called as a physician and eligible for private practice. A homeopathic physician can pursue a career as a medical representative or as a physician in a private or government hospital. Professionals in this field may work in companies dealing with homeopathic preparations. He / she can get work in homeopathic universities as a professor or researcher. A large number of people are dissatisfied with allopathic treatment. This leads to alternative or Ayurveda treatment. Many people seek a complete cure from the disease and turn to homeopathic doctors, because this medication system has no side effects, and this factor encourages homeopathic graduates to open or establish their own clinic for self-practice.

The medical field is the benchmark among the other fields when it comes to salaries. The homeopathic field also owes this aspect. In the government sector, the salary of a homeopathic doctor is Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month, while in the private sector the salary starts from Rs. 20,000 per month. With some experience, one can earn an attractive salary like Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 50,000 per month. There is no salary limit if you have become popular as a good doctor in society.

Job Type

Average annual salary (INR)

Homeopathic Doctor

6 - 9 lakhs

Public Health Specialist

3 - 5 lakhs

Private Practitioner

6 -12 lakhs


2 - 3 lakhs


2 - 4 lakhs


Job areas / recruiters for BHMS

Clinics / Nursing Homes / Hospitals (Private / Government)

Medical colleges / Research institutes / Training institutes

Homeopathic Medicine Stores / Pharmacies



Charities / NGO / Health community

Life Sciences and Pharmaceutical Industries


BHMS: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q.1. Can a BHMS doctor perform surgery?

A. No, a BHMS physician is not licensed to perform any surgical procedures.

Q.2. Can a BHMS doctor prescribe medications for allopathy?

A. If a BHMS doctor wants to practice allopathy, they should study Pharmacy. Homeopathy practitioners can earn a doctorate in pharmacology after completing BHMS.

Q.3. Is NEET required for BHMS?

A. Yes, to enter the BHMS degree course, you must pass NEET. The cutoff for the BHMS degree course in NEET 2019 was 100-130.

Q.4. Can a BHMS doctor do MD?

A. Yes, after completing BHMS, a candidate can opt for an MD in homeopathy. The disciplines available are:

  • Pharmacy

  • Philosophy

  • Materia medica

  • Pediatrics

  • Practice of medicine

  • Repertoire of psychiatry

Q.5. What are the best institutes for BHMS in India?

A. Some of the best institutes for BHMS in India are:

  • National Institute of Homeopathy, Kolkata

  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune

  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur

  • Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur

  • Chandola Homeopathic Medical College, Rudrapur




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