Bachelor Of Mental Retardation

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About Bachelor Of Mental Retardation:

Mental illness (MR) is a common developmental disorder. Developmental delays can be difficult and difficult for normal-looking children. In contrast, MR can be easily identified if the child has M-arrhythmic features known as MR genetic disorder.

A specialist with this degree can help you develop skills and competencies effectively. BMR is available in two categories.

The five-year course of study and a one-year academic program. A five-year course of study is available at institutions such as Osmania University, AP and a one-year academic program offered by many renowned institutions in India i.e.

  • Indira Gandhi Institute for Cooperative Governance, UP.

  • Anna University, TN.

Bed. in Special Education is a two-year postgraduate course divided into 4 semesters.

Special education is a branch of education that uses teaching materials, special teaching methods, teaching aids, and such equipment to meet the educational needs of children with special learning difficulties. Therapeutic instruction or correction is aimed at improving a particular skill or ability of the student.

These limitations manifest themselves before the age of 18. “(1) Assuming that the value of a single calculation can neither be accurate nor sufficient to differentiate between 71 in a child's abilities (IQ) and whose IQ is 69, defined by AAMR Has done The upper limit of a general intellectual function as "70 to 75" when there are also significant concerns regarding adaptive abilities. Severe cases of ID can be diagnosed immediately after birth. However, you may not be aware that your child has a weak form of personality identification if he is not achieving his normal developmental goals. Almost all cases of ID are diagnosed upon reaching the age of 18.

The methods used in this mode of teaching include giving the student more practice or more explanation than usual, some repetition of information and instructions, and more time to work on the skill. These methods vary from student to student. A student with reading difficulties may be given the following measures:

 

  • One-on-one reading sessions

  • Sound instruction

  • Practice reading aloud.

  • Successful completion of training in the relevant discipline is the minimum criterion for admission to the course.

 

Bed. in Special Education: Course Highlights:

 

The table below summarizes some of the highlights of the course:



Course Level

Graduate

Duration

2 years

Examination Type

Semester System

Eligibility

Graduation from a recognized university

Admission Process

LPUP-NEST, ACAD Entrance Test, GGSIPU, AIEED, etc.

Top Recruiting Organizations

NIMT Institutions, Divine International Foundation, Empire Foundation, and such.

Top Recruiting Areas

Educational institutes, NGOs, Film Industry, News and Media, etc.

Top Job Profiles

Primary Teacher, Content Writer, Content Reviewer, Career Counsellor, Education Developer Associate, among others.

Course Fee

INR 5,000 to 2 lakhs

Average Starting Salary

INR 2 to 20 lakhs

 

What is Mental retardation?

Mental retardation is a condition for which the exact cause is almost unknown. A person can lead to mental retardation due to health problems, any genetic disorder, complications during childbirth, and pregnancy. The reason for this may be the surrounding influence.

This condition can be observed in patients due to their limitations in everyday life, that is, lack of intellectual development and curiosity, irregular behavior, immaturity, and insufficient study of academic parts.

However, it can be treated with intensive practice to support the patient, i.e. social activities, needs care, hobbies, and social skills.

 

To measure a child's adaptive behavior, the professional will observe the child's skills and compare them to other children of the same age. The following things can be observed: how well the child can feed or dress himself; how well the child is able to communicate and understand others; and how the child interacts with family, friends, and other children of the same age.

It is believed that about 1% of the population suffers from mental retardation. 85% of the victims have mild mental retardation. This means that they are only slightly slower than usual to absorb new information or skills. With the right support, most of them will be able to live independently as adults.

 

Mental retardation is a condition of having an IQ below 70-75 and significant delays or absence of at least two areas of adaptive skills. Mental retardation has been present since childhood. 2 to 3 percent of the general population meet the criteria for mental retardation.

Causes of mental retardation include fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal exposure to alcohol; brain damage caused by the use of prescription or illegal drugs during pregnancy; trauma and brain diseases; and genetic diseases such as Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome.

A special education (mental retardation) course will prepare human resources so that they can acquire the knowledge and develop competencies and skills for the effective learning and teaching of all children, including children with special needs, especially in the field of mental retardation.

Treatment of mental retardation depends on the underlying cause. Special diets and treatments may help in cases such as phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism. In each case, special education, which begins in early childhood, helps people with mental retardation to reach their full potential.

 

Eligibility Criteria For Bachelor of Mental Retardation:

 

5-year degree program: You must have a minimum qualification of 10 + 2 with physics, chemistry, and biology to pursue the B.M.R.Sc. in any government or private college. Mathematics is not mandatory. You must obtain a minimum of 50% to gain admission to this course. The institution may have a separate entrance examination and different procedures.

 

One-year special education: To be BMR in special education, a person must hold B.A / B.Sc. or an equivalent degree from graduate executives from a recognized university. The candidate must have a minimum overall score of 45% in the degree exam. However, the admission procedure can be decided by the university.

 

You can get comprehensive information about BRM courses and the importance and scope of the course from experts. We will assist you according to your needs in the admission procedure from the application to the consultation.

 

The best institutions offering B.Ed. in special education:

 

Some of the top colleges offering courses in the country, with their respective locations and fees charged by the respective colleges, are listed below

 

Name of Institute

City

Average Annual Fees

Sanskriti University

Mathura

INR 1,20,000

Amity University

Lucknow

INR 1,72,000

Amity University

Noida

INR 1,94,000

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi

INR 5,670

Kurukshetra University

Kurukshetra

INR 10,860

Andhra University

Vishakhapatnam

INR 25,000

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University

Hyderabad

INR 20,000

Indian Institute of Health Education and Research

Patna

INR 1,70,000

Indian National Portage Association

Chandigarh

INR 4,500

Kalasalingam University

Tamil Nadu

INR 60,000

Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University

Jaipur

INR 76,000

MJP Rohikhand University

Uttar Pradesh

INR 60,000

National Institute of Mentally Handicapped

Secunderabad

INR 20,000

Netaji Subhash Open University

Kolkata

INR 30,000

Nirmala Institute of Education

Goa

INR 40,000

NKT National College of Education for Women

Chennai

INR 10,000

UPRTOU

Allahabad

INR 6,200




Levels of mental retardation:

 

it is divided into four levels based on your child's IQ and social adjustment.

 

Mild mental retardation

 

Some of the symptoms of mild mental retardation include:

 

  • it takes longer to learn to speak, but they get along well when they learn how

  • be completely independent in self-care as they get older

  • reading and writing problems

  • social immaturity

  • increased difficulty with responsibilities in marriage or raising children

  • using specialized training programs

  • with an IQ range of 50 to 69

 

Moderate mental retardation

 

If your child has a moderate ID, they may show some of the following symptoms:

 

  • slow to understand and use the language

  • you may have difficulty communicating

  • can learn basic reading, writing, and counting skills

  • usually cannot live alone

  • can often get to familiar places on its own

  • can take part in various types of social activities

  • usually have an IQ of 35 to 49

 

Severe mental retardation

 

Symptoms of severe ID include:

 

  • noticeable motor impairment

  • severe damage or abnormal development of their central nervous system

  • usually have an IQ of 20 to 34

 

Profound mental retardation

 

Deep ID symptoms include:

 

  • failure to understand or comply with requests or instructions

  • possible immobility

  • urinary incontinence

  • very simple non-verbal communication

  • inability to independently take care of one's own needs

  • the need for constant help and supervision

  • with IQ less than 20

 

Other mental retardation

 

People in this category often have physical disabilities, hearing loss, non-verbal or physical disabilities. These factors can prevent your child's doctor from performing screening tests.

 

Unspecified mental retardation

 

If your child has an unspecified ID, they will show ID symptoms, but their doctor does not have enough information to determine the extent of their disability.



How to find out mental retardation in children:

 

Children have many different signs of mental retardation. Signs may appear in infancy or may not be noticed until the child reaches school age. This often depends on the degree of disability. Some of the most common signs of mental retardation are:

  • Roll over, sit down, crawl or walk late

  • It's too late to speak or I can't speak

  • Slowly learns things like potty training, dressing, and eating.

  • Difficulty remembering things

  • Inability to link actions to consequences

  • Behavior problems such as explosive tantrums

  • Problems with problem-solving or logical thinking

 

Children with severe or profound mental retardation may have other health problems. These problems can include seizures, mood disorders (anxiety, autism, etc.), motor impairment, vision problems, or hearing problems.

 

Scope and career prospects of bachelor of mental retardation:

 

Careers in special education require people to be patient with students with disabilities, a significant ability to understand such students, and a passion for nurturing and helping such students.

 

Special education teachers work with students with hearing impairments, emotional or behavioral problems, vision, physical and/or mental disabilities, or some special learning or communication needs. These students are taught basic literacy as well as independent living and communication skills.

The work of a special education teacher can be emotionally demanding and physically exhausting, and the work often causes children to be mentally or emotionally disturbed, leading to teacher frustration.

 

The course prepares professionals:

 

  • Deep understanding of human psychology and emotions.

  • Ability to educate and interact with children and youth with various disabilities.

 

Various types of disabilities that require the services of specially trained personnel include:

 

  • Speech or language disorders, mental retardation.

  • Specific learning disabilities, orthopedic disorders, autism.

  • Traumatic brain injury, deafness, and blindness in combination with other health disorders.

 

Such students with special needs cannot learn in a traditional classroom environment, and special education classes can provide such students with an alternative or better learning experience.

After completing BMR special education there are many job opportunities in India. There are careers in the field:

  • Educational areas.

  • Personalized assistance and support for those dealing with MR.

  • Rehabilitation domains.

  • NGOs.

 

In addition, a BMR specialist can work alongside psychologists and physiotherapists. The main niche of work for the BMR expert is a children's rehabilitation center and school psychologists, where they provide their services for training and overcoming everyday functional disorders.

 

Some of the top professional positions open to such professionals are listed below, with the respective salaries offered for the respective positions:

 

Job Position

Job Description

Average Annual Salary

Primary Teacher

Primary School Art Teachers guide students towards creating paintings, drawings, and sculptures.

INR 2,37,000

Content Writer

Content Writers are professional writers who produce engaging content for use online.

INR 2,43,000

Content Reviewer

Web Content Writers compose content specifically for online consumption. They are usually freelancers and may work for several clients.

INR 5,00,000

Career Counsellor

Career Counsellors take a person's education level, personality, work history, interests, and skills into account, and suggest careers that match his or her background and abilities.

INR 2,44,000

Education Developer Associate

Course Developers use the information to determine how to structure each course, which skills to cover, and what communications tools to utilize.

INR 4,01,000

 

Frequently Asked Question-Related to Bachelor of Mental Retardation:

Question: Is there a cure for mental retardation?

Answer: A small study of 30 people with the most common inherited form of mental retardation found encouraging evidence that some of the disorder's symptoms can be relieved with medication.

 

Question: What are the signs of a low IQ?

Answer: IQ test results are below average. Difficulty speaking or speaking late. Memory problems.

IQ 50-70.

Slower than usual in all areas.

May fit socially.

Can acquire skills for daily tasks.

Integrated into society.

No unusual physical signs.

Can acquire practical skills.

Reading and math skills up to grades 3-6.

 

Question: Can someone with a low IQ succeed?

Answer: People with low and high IQs can work in almost any job at almost any level. But it is becoming increasingly difficult to perform highly complex or volatile jobs (such as managing ambiguous, volatile, unpredictable areas) with lower IQs. An IQ above 115 does not place any restrictions on what you can do.

 

Question: Is mental disability the same as mental illness?

Answer: No, people with intellectual disabilities are not mentally ill. People with intellectual disabilities just develop slowly. Therefore, they are dumb and slow to understand, and it is difficult for them to master the various skills required in everyday life. They usually have speech problems. Some of them can get an education up to grade 5, while others cannot even reach this level. The mentally ill, on the other hand, have normal development. Mental illness can occur at any age, even in highly skilled people. Mental illness can generally be cured.

 

Question: Do people with mental disabilities become normal as they get older?

Answer: No, the mental development of a person with intellectual disabilities is slower than that of a normal person. Therefore, when their real age increases over time, mental age. People with intellectual disabilities may not become normal as they get older, but with intense training, they can improve to some extent. Early learning is very important.

 

Question: Can marriage solve the problems of people with mental disabilities?

Answer: No, many people think that after marriage a mentally retarded person becomes active and responsible, or that sexual gratification will heal him. Not true. Marriage will only complicate matters. When it is known that a person with intellectual disabilities cannot be completely independent, they cannot take care of their family.

 

Question: Is it true that mentally retarded people cannot be taught anything?

Answer: No, a mentally retarded person can be taught a lot. They can learn to take care of themselves; for tasks such as watering plants, sowing seeds, tending livestock, sweeping the floor, washing dishes, and carrying loads. Mentally retarded people should be systematically involved in sports. They can perform many supervised jobs.

 

Question: What are the four laws for people with disabilities?

Answer: Four laws:

National Endowment for the Health of People with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental and Multiple Disabilities 1999

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016

Rehabilitation Council of India Act 1992.

Mental Health Act of 1987.

 

 



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