Bachelor of Veterinary Science

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What is Bachelor of Veterinary Science?

BVSc, also known as Bachelor of Veterinary Science is a 5-year undergraduate course in the field of veterinary science that aims to impart the necessary knowledge for the feeding, treatment and husbandry of animals. If you are an animal lover and you are fascinated by the majestic creatures present on mother earth, veterinary science allows you to create a profession in the field. Veterinary science deals with the treatment, the welfare of all animals on the planet. Like medical degrees, there are doctors and veterinary professionals who handle the treatment of animals. The study of veterinary science ranges from preventive care to psychological analysis and complex surgical problems. One has to be absolutely passionate and dedicated to ensuring the welfare of animals. It is not just dogs or cats that veterinarians attend to, they can range from mammals to the big cats of the jungle.

The course is ideal for those who consider themselves animal lovers and wish to start animal husbandry and care businesses and wish to establish a career in animal husbandry. According to the latest guidelines from the Veterinary Council of India, the ideal BVSc course should consist of 4.5 to 5 years of courses divided between 10 semesters and 1 year of mandatory internship.

Any candidate who has completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects, along with English, is eligible to apply for the course. The BVSc curriculum covers everything from animal anatomy and physiology to the treatment and surgery of injured and sick animals. The main topics of BVSc are animal nutrition, animal husbandry and genetics, animal pathology, among others.

Bachelor of Veterinary Science: What is it about?

Veterinary science is a branch of science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and cure of diseases in birds and animals. The subject includes the study of animal physiology and various treatment and prevention schemes undertaken to block diseases among animals. The basic principles of veterinary science and animal husbandry are similar to those of human medical sciences. The difference is in the variation of jobs; a veterinarian has many responsibilities than a general practitioner or human surgeon. Students while studying B.V.Sc. Veterinary Science and not only deal with animal health but also facilitate scientific breeding and livestock management.

Veterinarians treat animals for healthy lives. Most of his job also involves performing surgeries in cases where internal parts of animals and birds are injured. This could be due to disease or victim of hunting. Veterinarians prevent the spread of disease in the animal's body by administering the necessary vaccines and medications. They give advice to pet owners on how to take well care of and feed their pets and farm animals.

Another section of this course is improving animal husbandry through the use of techniques such as 'breeding by selection' and artificial insemination. The course study does extensive research with animals in order to combat and combat diseases transmitted through animals. In this way, the general public is saved from exposure to diseases mobilized by animals, wildlife, poultry and livestock. The role of a veterinarian is important as he works to preserve the abundance of livestock and the wealth of domestic animals.

What are the BVSc eligibility criteria?

The minimum BVSc eligibility is as follows:

  • Students must have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology with a minimum score of 50% with English as a compulsory subject.

  • The minimum age to access the BVSc program is 18 years old and the maximum is 25 years old as of December 31 of the year of admission. A one-year relaxation is provided to reserved candidates.

What is the BVSc2021 admission process?

Admission to most veterinary colleges is awarded based on the results obtained in one of the many BVSc entrance exams conducted by interested universities. The Veterinary Council of India used to run an 'All India Pre Veterinary Test' (AIPVT) for admission to the first year Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) and Livestock (AH), but now the admission process is done in based on NEET 2021 Scores to fill the seats of each Veterinary College of all Indian states including Universities like Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Bombay Veterinary Science College, Mumbai, etc. after the counseling session.

What are the best BVSc entrance exams?

There are many colleges and university-level entrance exams that can be taken to ensure admission to this course. Some of them are listed below:

NEET 2021

NEET 2021 is a national exam that usually offers admission to medical courses such as MBBS, BDS, MD, among others. According to the official notification of February 22, 2018, published by the Veterinary Council of India, candidates who wish to enter BVSc and AH courses through 15% of the seats of the Indian quota must be submitted for the NEET exam.

AAU VET 2021

This is a veterinary entrance test conducted by Assam Agricultural University (AAU) for admission to various UG, PG and Ph.D. Veterinary and Livestock courses, AAU.

OUAT 2021

This is a university-level entrance examination conducted by Orissa University of Agricultural Sciences each year for admission to its UG courses.

RPVT 2021

Rajasthan Pre Veterinary Test (RPVT) is a college level entrance exam organized by Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences for admission to BVSc and AH courses.

UP 2021 Veterinary Entrance Exam 

This exam is performed by DUVASU, Mathura for admission to BVSc and AH, MVSc / Ph.D. degree courses. And diploma programs.

BHU UET 2021

This is a university level entrance exam organized by Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for admission to various UG courses like BVSc, BSc, BCom, BEd, etc.

BVSc entrance exams are mostly MCQ-based exams consisting of three main sections: Class X and Class XII level Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

The Physics section consists of topics such as Physical World and Measurement, Gravitation, Thermodynamics, Oscillations and Waves, Electrostatics, Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism, Electromagnetic Waves, Optics, Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation, etc. The Chemistry section consists of topics such as Atom Structure, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, States of matter: gases and liquids, redox reactions, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, haloalkanes and haloarenes, polymers, etc. The Biology section consists of topics such as Diversity in the living world, Cell structure and function, Plant physiology, Reproduction, Genetics and evolution, Biotechnology and its applications, Ecology and the environment, etc.

BVSc Curriculum

The BVSc curriculum is covered in 10 semesters including theory lessons, hands-on lab sessions, and field trips that make this course unique as it provides hands-on experience and training in animal treatment, training, and care.

The following table shows some of the common BVSc subjects included in the course syllabus:

Veterinary Anatomy 

Veterinary Physiology

Veterinary Biochemistry 

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology

Veterinary parasitology 

Veterinary microbiology

Veterinary Pathology 

Veterinary Public 

Health and Epidemiology

Animal nutrition 

Animal genetics and reproduction

Livestock production management 

Livestock products Technology

Veterinary Gynecology and Obstetrics 

Veterinary Surgery and Radiology

Veterinary medicine Extension education in veterinary medicine and livestock


BVSc Specializations

There are few BVSc specializations that one can pursue offered by universities like Nagpur Veterinary College, among others, to specialize in a field of veterinary science.

BVSc Animal Nutrition:

The course covers concepts and processes of animal feeding, breeding, reproduction, health, genetics and maintenance. BVSc animal nutrition can be done in universities like Assam Agricultural University, National Research Center on Camel, etc.

Average total fees

100,000 INR

Average annual salary



BVSc animal genetics and reproduction:

This is a specialized course that covers the main aspects of animal genetics and husbandry that are required to improve a trait or traits of any animal for domestication or research purposes. BVSc Animal Genetics and Breeding is offered by universities such as Junagadh Agricultural University, among others.

Average total fees

1.50,000 INR

Average annual salary



BVSc Veterinary Pathology:

This specialized course in the study of diseases in animals that trains students in the treatment and prevention of these diseases. BVSc veterinary pathology is offered at universities such as IVRI, VCRI, etc.

Average total fees

1.50,000 INR

Average annual salary




There are many veterinary colleges in India offering BVSc courses in states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Orissa, Assam, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, etc. The average BVSc fee in government universities is less than INR 1,00,000 and in private universities, it can be around INR 4,00,000 for a total of 5 years.

What is the ROI for the best BVSc universities?

The table below shows some of the main differences between the top BVSc universities in India based on various parameters: ROI comparison of the best BVSc universities:

Here we have compared some of the best BVSc universities in India based on ROI * which is an important factor in deciding a university for admission.

Name of University Average 

Placement Package Average 

Annual Fees 

ROI Score 

ROI Range

Tamil Nadu University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 

INR 4,40,000 

INR 21,915 



Junagadh Agricultural University 

INR 5,15,800 

INR 28,000 



Anand Agricultural University 

INR 3,50,000 

INR 21,700 



GovindBallabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology 

INR 4,25,000 

INR 50,746 




BVSc Jobs and Career Options

BVSc degree students are generally offered jobs in various zoological gardens, nature reserves such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, various animal husbandry farms such as dairy and poultry farms, veterinary hospitals, and government departments for animal care. They are generally recruited as keepers and the care of all resident animals is their primary responsibility. Sometimes they are also hired only as veterinarians.

The average salary of a veterinary caregiver in India is around INR 5 Lakhs per year. It ranges from around INR 4 Lakhs to around INR 6 Lakhs, depending on position and experience. The following table shows the common BVSc jobs and the salaries associated with the job title:

Job description Job description Average salary

Veterinary Surgeon 

Veterinary surgeons treat injured animals and bones that need surgery to treat them. 

INR 5.87 LPA

Veterinary Officer 

A veterinary officer is a public service agent who works in the department of the Department of Agriculture that deals with different rules and policies for animal health. 

According to the government rules

Animal handler 

An animal handler is employed in zoos and places where animals are kept under observation or protection. 

INR 5.89 LPA

Animal Social Worker 

They are associated with NGOs that provide care and treatment to animals and fight for animal welfare. 

3.89 INR LPA

Animal Care Specialist 

Animal care specialists are employed in hospitals and government departments, animal clinics, etc. 

INR 5.74 LPA

Animal Breeder 

An animal breeder produces animals that can be used for a variety of reasons, such as entertainment, companion pets, or food consumption. 

3.66 INR LPA

Animal Scientist 

Animal scientist’s research domestic and farm animals to increase feed productivity, prevent animal diseases, improve milk and meat, etc. 

INR 5.42 LPA


BVSc is a highly sought after course among students who have a gift for animal care and research. Students receive training in various aspects necessary to become veterinarians and have a career in veterinary science. Common employment areas are animal hospitals, animal care clinics, grooming centers, animal research institutes, and others. In addition to being a veterinarian, you can also become a veterinary technician, veterinary surgeon, animal breeder, animal science researcher, animal care social worker, and others.

In terms of higher education, you can earn many master's degrees in the field of veterinary science, such as MVSc, followed by a Ph.D. degree.


MVSc or Master of Veterinary Science is a 2-year master's course in the field of veterinary science that provides specialized training in animal treatment to the best of your experience. Below are some of the MVSc specializations that you can pursue after the BVSc course:

MVSc Animal Nutrition 

MVSc Animal Genetics and Reproduction 

MVSc Pharmacology and Toxicology

MVSc Extension of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary 

MVSc Livestock Product Technology 

MVSc Veterinary Biochemistry

MVSc Veterinary Surgery and Radiology 

MVSc Veterinary Microbiology 

MVSc Veterinary Parasitology


Ph.D. in Veterinary Sciences:

This can be called the highest degree in the field of veterinary science offering many specializations such as Surgery, Microbiology, Pathology, etc. a counseling session.

Some of the main specializations of the Ph.D. in this field they are:

  • Veterinary Surgery and Radiology 

  • Ph.D. in Veterinary Parasitology

FAQ’s on Bachelor of Veterinary Science

Q.1. What is meant by BVSc?

Answer. BVSc or Bachelor of Veterinary Science is an undergraduate course in the field of veterinary science that teaches students the basics of animal science related to care, treatment, disease, nutrition, microbiology, biochemistry, surgery and all other aspects of veterinary science field.

Q.2. Is BVSc a doctor?

Answer. Yes, after completing the BVSc degree, candidates are considered animal doctors.

Q.3. What is the eligibility of a BVSc?

Answer. Students who have obtained a minimum of 50% in Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English are eligible to apply for BVSc.

Q.4. What are the criteria for admission to BVSc?

Answer. BVSc's admission criteria depend on performance on a relevant national, state, or college level entrance examination that offers admission to the Bachelor of Veterinary Science. Some of the common entrance exams to BVSc are NEEt2021, OUAT 2021, GUJCET 2021, AAU VET 2021, etc.

Q.5. What are some of the best BVSc universities in India?

Answer. Following are some of the best BVSc Universities in India:

  • Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Udaipur

  • Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur

  • Anand Agricultural University, Anand and many more.

Q.6. What is the best BVSc University in Maharashtra?

Answer. Some of the best BVSc Universities in Maharashtra are:

  • Bombay Veterinary College

  • Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ugur

  • MAFSU, Nagpur, among others.

Q.7. Is the NEET exam delayed due to COVID 19?

Answer. Taking into account the national lockdown due to COVID-19, the NEET exam date, which was supposed to be May 3, 2021, was postponed to the last week of May 2021. The exact date has not yet been confirmed by authorities.

Q.8. What is the status of the BVSc admission process due to the COVID 19 crisis in India?

Ans. The BVSc admissions process requires you to pass one of the many BVSc entrance exams, and some of the exams like BHU UET 2021, OUAT 2021, etc. have been postponed due to the COVID-19 crisis in India.





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