Bachelor of Technology

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What Is Bachelor of Technology? How to do Bachelor of Technology?

Bachelor of Technology is a professional engineering degree program awarded to candidates after completing four years of study in the field. This undergraduate program is your gateway to a career in engineering. In India, a Bachelor of Technology degree is offered in various specializations. Some of the most prominent are the following:

Computer Science Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Ceramic Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Civil Engineering

Petroleum Engineering

Instrumentation Engineering

Electronics & Electrical Engineering

Electronics & Communication Engineering


While all of these majors offer bright prospects for students to enter different careers, computer engineering is probably one of the most sought after today. This is also reflected in the high court exam scores that top engineering universities like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Indraprastha Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) and National Institutes of Technology (NIT) As well as some of the Top Central Universities order their respective applicants to enroll them in this program.  In India, all technical degrees such as Bachelor of Technology, fall under the regulatory purview of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the National Board of Accreditation (NBA). 

Admissions to Bachelor of Technology courses take place through national level/state-level/institute-level engineering entrance examinations. The top five engineering entrance exams taken by a large number of students each year are: JEE Main, JEE Advanced, VITEEE, MHT CET, TS EAMCET etc.

The Bachelor of Engineering (BE) program also offers an orientation similar to that offered by a Bachelor of Technology program for students. In fact, such is the degree of overlap in the eligibility criteria for universities, subjects taught, hiring companies, and even job profiles offered during internships, that students often wonder if they are the same.

What designation will be provided after Bachelor of Technology?

Anyone who has successfully completed the Bachelor of Technology degree in any of its disciplines will be designated as "Engineer". If you are specialized in Computer Science and engineering, your job title will be "Software Engineer", Civil Engineering Specialists will be titled "Civil Engineer".

What is the difference between a BE and Bachelor of Technology degree?

The key difference between these two-degree programs is with respect to the course material taught and the orientation of the program. The following table captures the points of difference between these two programs.

Difference between a BE and Bachelor of Technology


Bachelor of Technology

The Bachelor of Engineering is a postgraduate program that takes place directly after the student's 10 + 2. After a student's twelfth exam, the candidate must apply for any state or national engineering entry through which they may be admitted to an engineering college. The course of this degree focuses on the theoretical knowledge necessary to innovate technology and create new technical devices.

The Bachelor of Technology is also a graduate program that takes place directly after the student's 10 + 2. After a student's twelfth exam, the candidate must apply for any state or national engineering entry through which they may be admitted to a university offering a technology course. There are many such universities. The course of this degree focuses on application and skills-based study and is useful if one is interested in modifying structures to improve their quality.

BE. it is considered a knowledge-oriented course where more emphasis is placed on the theoretical part of the curriculum

B. Technology is skill-oriented, giving more emphasis to practice.

Industry visits and internships can be an essential part of the curriculum

Industry visits and internships are required for B. Tech courses

BE is more theoretical and knowledge oriented. It is a study based on theory.

Bachelor of Technology is a data-driven skill. The course is more about applications engineering.

The course deals with the engineering aspects of science.

The course deals with the technical aspects of science.

The course is applied to develop innovative equipment and useful technical gadgets in Science and Technology.

The course applies the principles of engineering and technology to modify structures and thus improve their quality.


Both the BE and Bachelor of Technology degrees offer students the opportunity to pursue a career in Engineering. The courses last 4 years and are distributed over 8 semesters. There are generally two types of engineering programs:

  • BE / Bachelor of Technology  3 years after Diploma in Engineering

  • BE / Bachelor of Technology  4 years after class 12

The Bachelor of Technology (Bachelor of Technology) is the 4-year full-time undergraduate course that leads to the engineering degree. The duration of the undergraduate engineering course varies from country to country. Many colleges / universities in India offer a Bachelor of Technology program in various disciplines. The four-year program offers more rigor to students and covers more regarding the depth of the curriculum.

Students according to their interest can specialize in the following Bachelor of Technology disciplines:

Computer Science and Engineering

Information technology

Electronic Engineering and Communications

Electric engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Civil engineer

Petroleum engineering

Chemical engineering

Aerospace engineering

Industrial engineering

Aeronautical Engineering

Apart from the aforementioned disciplines, there are many other disciplines available in this field. To obtain the title of "engineer", you must complete your academic education in any of the above disciplines. After obtaining the Bachelor of Technology degree, students can further specialize in these engineering disciplines by following the Master of Technology course. Bachelor of Technology Specialization options

Engineering is an ever evolving domain that has several existing branches and sub-disciplines. On top of that, new specialization options also keep on emerging with the development of new technologies. The key among them include:

Chemical Engineering

Bio-molecular Engineering

Material Engineering

Molecular engineering

Process engineering

Corrosion engineering

Civil Engineering

Environmental engineering

Geotechnical engineering

Structural engineering

Transport engineering

Water resources engineering

Electrical engineering

Electronic engineering

Computer engineering

Power engineering

Optical engineering

Mechanical engineering

Acoustical engineering

Manufacturing engineering

Opt mechanical engineering

Thermal engineering

Sports engineering

Vehicle engineering

Power plant engineering

Energy engineering

Interdisciplinary engineering specializations

Aerospace engineering

Agricultural engineering

Applied engineering

Biomedical engineering

Biomedical Nano engineering

Biological engineering

Building services engineering

Energy engineering

Railway engineering

Industrial engineering

Mechatronics engineering

Engineering management

Military engineering

Nano engineering

Nuclear engineering

Petroleum engineering

Project engineering

Software engineering

Systems engineering

Textile engineering


These are just a few of the main engineering specializations that are popular in India. But, thanks to the evolving nature of the engineering domain, many new engineering specializations have also emerged in which Bachelor of Technology programmers are offered in India.

After Bachelor of Technology 

Another question students are faced with when deciding to pursue Bachelor of Technology for their graduation is the question "what happens after Bachelor of Technology?" Bachelor of Technology is a professional course that offers students both options, that is, to pursue additional studies or to opt for a job. So, let's look at these two aspects in detail below:

Match / M.E

As far as further study is concerned, the next step for students after completing their Bachelor of Technology is to opt for Match or M.E, both of which are postgraduate professional degree programs offered by engineering universities in India. Match stands for Master of Technology, while M.E stands for Master of Engineering.

Like Bachelor of Technology, students will have to opt for a specialization option for the Match program during which they will delve into the respective discipline and gain the necessary knowledge and experience to excel in the field. In order to be selected for the Match programs offered by the best engineering universities in India such as IIT and NIT, students must take the GATE - Engineering Graduate Aptitude Test.


The most preferred study option for most engineering graduates after their Bachelor of Technology program is to go for an MBA for a management degree. Engineering graduates generally choose to accept a job through campus placements to gain work experience. And after a few years, they take the MBA / PDGM program. To join the best MBA universities, students need to take CAT, XAT, MAT, CMAT, or other popular MBA entrance exams.

Eligibility criteria for BE / Bachelor of Technology

The basic eligibility requirement for admission to any Bachelor of Technology program is:

  • Candidates must have passed the Class 10 + 2 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects.

  • They must also have obtained a minimum total score of 60% in the previous subjects combined.

What are the best universities to follow Bachelor of Technology?

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) and the National Institute of Technology (NIT) are the main public institutions offering engineering courses. There are 23 IITs and 31 NITs across the country. If you want to get Bachelor of Technology from these universities, you have to take the engineering entrance exams. Many other institutions / universities besides these also offer engineering education.

Indian school of Mines, Khanabad

Birla Institute of Technology, Mesa

SRM University, Chennai

Maniple Institute of Technology

Dehradun Institute of Technology, Dehradun

Petroleum University, Dehradun


If you want to get into IIT or NIT, you have to pass the entrance exam, namely JEE Advanced 2020 which is the second stage of JEE Main. All institutions grant admission to their Bachelor of Technology program through JEE Main 2020. Bachelor of Technology applicants are required to appear as JEE Main to take admission. Some states also conduct their own entrance test to grant admission like BCECE 2020 for admission to Bachelor of Technology in the state of Bihar, TS EAMCET 2020 for the state of Telangana, JCECE 2020 for the state of Jharkhand, etc. List of entrance exams for Bachelor of Technology:

JEE Main 2020

JEE Advanced 2020


KEAM 2020

CG PET 2020

Assam CEE 2020

JCECE 2020

BCECE 2020




Jobs and professional scope

After Bachelor of Technology, what can I do? - This is the question that arises in the minds of all who are pursuing Bachelor of Technology or are going to follow Bachelor of Technology. If you are interested in further study in this field, you can pursue higher studies. You have the option to buy M.Tech after Bachelor of Technology. Master of Technology (M.Tech) is the advancement in this field through which you are particularly specialized in one area. Some candidates also choose MBA after Bachelor of Technology. You can also choose the field of teaching and become a teacher after M.Tech

Candidates can also pursue higher education alongside work. They can take distance courses as many Indian universities offer distance education. It won't add value to your academic qualification, but it will also help you secure a good position in an organization. After M.Tech, you can also enter the field of research by earning a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in a related discipline. If you have the ability to open your business, you can do so and become an entrepreneur. Today, many talented engineering graduates are working on their own startup.

If we talk about work, then the career scope is really good in this field. Depending on your skills and knowledge, you will get the job. In India, there are many private companies that hire a large number of engineers every year. The availability of jobs is not only in the private sector, but public sector organizations also hire engineers. Some of the Top Recruiters are:







Tata Motors








Career prospects

Being a professional course, Bachelor of Technology also opens up various professional opportunities for students after the completion of the program. Among them are:

Placements on campus

All engineering colleges have a dedicated placement cell that works to place engineering graduates in reputable organizations. Generally, after Bachelor of Technology, students are hired by private companies for entry-level jobs in technical fields. Students, who access jobs through on-campus placements, generally do so to gain relevant experience in their field before continuing their studies.

PSU Jobs

After Bachelor of Technology, students can also accept technical jobs in public sector companies through the GATE / Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering. Many PSUs hire Bachelor of Technology students for entry-level jobs based on their GATE score. Some PSUs like CII, ISRO and BARC also conduct their own exams to select Bachelor of Technology students for entry level jobs.

Engineering Services Exam

The Engineering Services Exam is a nationwide selection test conducted by the UPSC / Union Public Utilities Commission. The exam is the right choice for Bachelor of Technology students aspiring to government jobs in different sectors like Defense, PWD, Railways, etc. While the ESE pattern and syllabus is quite similar, it also has a non-technical component and three-stage assessment process, making it a difficult exam to pass.

Private companies

For students who do not want to opt for on-campus placements, they can also apply to different private companies for a job, after completing their Bachelor of Technology program. Students can also take employability tests like AMCAT and eLitmus to demonstrate their technical prowess and improve their chances of being selected for the job. After joining private companies in entry-level technical positions, students can gain the knowledge and experience necessary to earn promotions and move up the corporate ladder.


In this field, salary depends entirely on experience. Once you gain experience, the salary exceeds expectations. The starting salary for an engineering graduate will be Rs 20,000 to Rs 30,000 per month. After gaining experience, you can get a good salary in this field. The remuneration for experienced graduates will be from 5 lacs to 10+ lacs per year, depending on the organization they work for. Engineers in foreign countries with an attractive salary package are also in demand.

Books and study materials

There are many books available in the market for studying engineering. You can buy books based on your specialization. Each discipline has its separate book. Online resources are also available for preparation. Here we have listed some of the best books for Bachelor of Technology.

Fundamentals of Software Engineering by Rajib Mall

Digital Integrated Electronics by H. Taub and D. Schilling

Control Engineering by Derek P. Atherton

CAD-CAM & Rapid prototyping Application Evaluation by Miltiadis A. Boboulos

Introduction to Polymer Science and Technology by Mustafa Akay

Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering by S. Sukhija

Power System Analysis by T.K. Nagsarkar

A First Course in Electrical and Computer Engineering by Louis Scharf

Automated Manufacturing Systems with PLCs by Hugh Jack

Basics of Civil Engineering – (Author – Subhash Chander)

What does the Bachelor of Technology course cover?

The Bachelor of Technology program is a 4-year professional engineering program that primarily focuses on teaching both theoretical and practical skills-based training of engineering students. But, as the name suggests, it is a technology-focused program that focuses more on application-based and skills-based study. Simply put, the program emphasizes skills-oriented learning and hands-on training for students. Therefore, industry visits and internships are also a mandatory component of Bachelor of Technology programs in India.

If you still have any further questions, then just comment down below in the comment box and we would definitely answer it very well.

Important BE / Bachelor of Technology FAQs

Q. What is the basic difference between Bachelor of Technology and Bachelor of Engineering?

A. The Bachelor of Engineering or BE course is more theoretical in nature, while the Bachelor of Technology courses are more practical in orientation. The difference between these two courses is minor. The key difference between these two degree programs is with respect to the course material taught and the orientation of the program.

Q. What can I do with a Bachelor of Technology or Bachelor of Technology?

A. Candidates can pursue careers in the following fields upon graduation from Bachelor of Technology, as a software developer, information technology consultant, computer forensic analyst, information technology business analyst, and computer network architect.

Q. What are the eligibility criteria for BE / Bachelor of Technology?

A. Candidates must have passed the Class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects. They must have obtained a minimum total score of 60% in the previous subjects combined.

Q. What is Bachelor of Technology scope in information technology?

A. Bachelor of Technology focus in IT (information technology) is basically in the field of computers and technology. It differs from computer engineering in aspect because at BTech students are expected to learn management and information theory. Includes a detailed study of computer programming and software.





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