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CBSE Board: A world class recognized Education Ministry

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a nationwide board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and administered by the Government of the Union of India. CBSE Board has asked all affiliated schools to follow only the NCERT curriculum. There are approximately 20,299 schools in India and 220 schools in 28 foreign countries affiliated with the CBSE.

History CBSE board in India

The first education board to be set up in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, which was under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929, the government of India set up a joint Board named "Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana". This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India, and Gwalior. Later it was confined to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952, it became the "Central Board of Secondary Education".

Affiliations of CBSE boards in India

CBSE affiliates all KendriyaVidyalayas, all JawaharNavodayaVidyalayas, private schools, and most of the schools approved by central government of India.

CBSE OnlineVision

The CBSE online envisions a strong, vibrant and holistic school education that will generate excellence in all spheres of human endeavor. The Board is committed to providing a quality education to promote intellectual, social, and cultural liveliness among its students. It works to develop a learning process and environment that empowers future citizens to become world leaders in the emerging knowledge society. The Board advocates continuous and comprehensive assessment with an emphasis on the development of the whole of students. The Board is committed to providing a stress-free learning environment that will develop competent, confident, and enterprising citizens who will promote harmony and peace.

Examination Pattern of CBSE board in India

CBSE holds the final exams for Class 10 and Class 12 each year in the month of March. The results are announced at the end of May. The board previously conducted the AIEEE examination for admission to undergraduate courses in engineering and architecture at universities across India. However, the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT-Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) in 2013. The common exam is now called JEE (Main) and is henceforth carried out by the National Testing Agency.

CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) for admission to leading medical schools in India. In 2014, CBSE schools was subcontracted to carry out the National Eligibility Test for the award of a junior research scholarship and the eligibility for an assistant professor in higher education institutions. In addition to these tests, CBSE schools near me also conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the optional Class X proficiency test. With the addition of NET in 2014, CBSE has become the conducting body for largest exams in the world.

On November 10, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister NarendraModi approved a proposal for the creation of a National Testing Agency (NTA) that acts as the main autonomous body for conducting entrance exams in the country. As of 2018, various exams previously taken by the CBSE transferred to the NTA, including the National (Undergraduate) Entrance and Eligibility Test, Joint Entrance Exam: Major, National Eligibility Test, Central Universities Common Entrance Test, and others.

Class 10

For promotion from the Secondary level (Class IX-X) to the Upper Secondary level (Class XI-XII), the student must obtain, for all subjects (or better 5 if 6 subjects are taken), 33% in general, without any minimum theory grade requirement for CBSE board result. Originally, the passing criteria were set so that a student had to score 33% on both the theory and practice components. However, an exemption was initially granted for students taking the exam in 2018 as they went through the old CCE system in the previous year. However, CBSE later extended this relief for students who wrote the exam starting in 2019 as well. For a student who fails to pass up to two subjects, he will be able to write the compartment for those subjects in July. For those who fail the compartment, or those who fail in three subjects or more, they must rewrite all the subjects taken in the next year.CBSE 10th result often comes at the end of May.

Class 12

For students in class 12, the promotion criteria are 33% overall, with 33% on theory and practical exams. For a student who fails to pass exactly one subject, you can write the compartment for that subject in July. For those who fail the compartment, or those who fail in two or more subjects, they must rewrite all the subjects taken in the next year.CBSE 12th result often comes at the end of May.

Grading System of CBSE Board

For the Class 10 and Class 12 exams, CBSE (along with the marks obtained) includes the positional grade obtained by the student, which is dependent on the average performance of the students in that subject. Consequently, the cutoffs required to obtain a particular grade vary every year.

Grading system by CBSE [10]




Top 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Last 1/8 of passed students in that subject


Failed students (in either theory, practical or overall)


Changes for exam 2020

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will conduct two separate math exams in the class 10 board exam beginning in the 2020 session. The current Mathematics exam is now Mathematics Standard, and a simpler version of Mathematics (called Mathematics Basic). Students taking the latest version cannot study math at any other level. The option to choose mathematics will be mentioned in the registration form for the CBSE Class 10 board exam. Candidates will need to select their choice of the test when completing the registration form for the CBSE Class 10 2020 board exam.

The Human Resources Development (HRD) minister amid the coronavirus outbreak had ordered the rescheduling of pending exams. The rescheduled exams were to be taken between July 1 and July 15. On June 26, the CBSE published a circular canceling the remaining exams and awarding scores based on internal and other school exams. This decision came after a court ruling.For more Information, you check the CBSE official website as well.

Questions paper leak 2018

In March 2018, there were reports that CBSE class 12 math and economics class 10 question papers were leaked. In response, CBSE announced that these exams will be canceled and new exams will be held. However, the CBSE later announced that the Class 10 math work would not be re-examined because the leak of the document may have been limited to a few alleged beneficiaries.

On April 7, 2018, Rakesh Kumar (economics teacher) and two other employees of a private school in Una, Himachal Pradesh were arrested for leaking Class 12 economics document. According to police, Rakesh Kumar had entered the strong room of a bank to pick up computer science questionnaire packets, but also picked up an economics questionnaire packet. He asked a student to make a handwritten copy of the question paper (to avoid being traced back to the letter). He then sent photos of the handwritten copy of the newspaper on WhatsApp to a relative in Punjab. This relative shared the photos with her son and nephew, who shared them with their friends in WhatsApp groups, from where they were forwarded to other WhatsApp groups.On April 12, 2018, the police said that Rakesh Kumar, who leaked the economics document for class 12, had also leaked the mathematics document for class 10.

Consequently, the Central Board of Secondary Education has established an "encrypted" question system, which schools are supposed to print half an hour before the exam starts.

Advantages of CBSE over State Boards

Whether to opt for the CBSE or the State Board has always been an endless debate. The student community is divided when it comes to forming an opinion on this issue. Many end up making poor decisions, which ultimately seriously affect their careers. Although there are certain advantages of CBSE over state boards, some other factors seem to work in favor of state boards. Therefore, it has become very important for students to know the advantages and disadvantages of these two types of plates. Let's start by knowing more briefly about both boards.

Understanding the State Board

Each state has its own state board, and the administrative authorities are over the ministry of education of that respective state. The educational structure, the paper pattern and even the curriculum is not the same. It varies from state to state. Due to the differences at the basic level, it is virtually impossible to compare the results of two different state boards. It becomes difficult, especially during admission to any centralized institution. Many times, your study program does not meet the expected standards. But if a student wishes to pursue higher studies in the universities of that particular state, then this proves to be a great advantage for him / her. It is mainly due to the fact that students are already familiar with the state's educational system.

Understanding the CBSE Board

CBSE stands for Central Board for Secondary Education. It is the national board of our country. The educational material and teaching methodology is conducive to the national interests of the country. All major nationalized competitive exams like the JEE are conducted by CBSE. CBSE is considered to be more difficult than state boards, but it is more student-friendly and interesting to study. The board is especially beneficial for those who wish to pursue higher education in some nationalized institutions rather than state institutions.

Advantages of CBSE over state boards

There are some advantages of CBSE over state boards. Here are some of them:

CBSE is much more student friendly than State Boards. The structure of your course is designed to ensure that students do not face a lot of pressure and that the books are interactive and interesting. In addition, many fun activities are included between the chapters to help students learn in a playful way. It makes the whole process of transmitting knowledge to students efficient and healthy. CBSE exams also foster a positive environment for students. Every effort is made to ensure that students truly learn from the entire process.

They don't need to screw things up to pass exams. The assignments are designed in such a way as to test how much students have learned. The results are mostly favorable and very few students fail the CBSE exams.The CBSE curriculum will definitely help you a lot if you plan to do future study at a centralized institution like an IIT or AIIMS. Preliminary exams for these institutions are organized by CBSE only and therefore everyone can get an advantage over others if they have done their primary and secondary education on the CBSE board.

CBSE board not only imparts quality knowledge to students, but also ensures general physical and mental growth. Students are encouraged to play sports along with studies, and a lot of emphasis is placed on children's physical growth. It also teaches students to be good citizens of the country and above all good humans.CBSE offers students a lot of flexibility to follow their field of interest. At each stage of education, students have the option of studying in their field of interest and there is no obligation to choose a certain stream. This primarily instills a sense of trust in students and eventually helps them believe in the system.

These were some of the advantages of CBSE board over state boards. Ultimately, it is your decision; you need to make a decision based on your aspirations and future planning.

ICSE study program vs. CBSE study program

Given that CBSE is run by the government and ICSE is run by the private sector, it is quite normal to have doubts about the efficiency of the boards when compared to each other. All parents in India would surely have been through this dilemma of weighing between the two options, confused about what to want and what to expect. It is a rational decision to check the syllabus provided by any board of education before reaching a conclusion. In the case of CBSE and ICSE, however, there are many notable differences in the structure of the syllabus.

CBSE provides a somewhat holistic syllabus, with six subjects for class X exams. It also allows you to choose a stream (science, business, or humanities) as you progress to class XI. A most notable fact about the CBSE syllabus is that it is highly focused on science and math, thus making it desirable for a student who wishes to pursue medical / engineering courses. The CBSE curriculum is more focused on theory, unlike ICSE. The student can choose English or Hindi as the tutoring medium. The board follows an alphabet-based grading system.

ICSE, on the other hand, stands in stark contrast to CBSE at certain junctures in terms of curriculum. While CBSE provides a largely theory-based curriculum, ICSE gives more space for applications. Unlike CBSE, it gives equal importance to the arts, sciences, and language. It has a second language capability as a subject of study, along with more interesting options including home science, agricultural science, and even interior design. ICSE does not allow Hindi as a medium of instruction. However, it certainly provides the best study program in the case of the English language. Language proficiency is key for an ICSE student, and this explains why it has become a sought-after option for those who wish to emigrate abroad.

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