What is Doctor of Medicine?

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MD or Doctor of Medicine is a specialized postgraduate course, which can be taken after completing MBBS. It enables the tracker to acquire in-depth knowledge and practical training on a variety of topics, including anatomy, radiation therapy, general medicine, etc. It helps to make an accurate diagnosis and plan the treatment of diseases.

MD Medicine: What is it about?

Doctor of Medicine MD is a doctoral course in the field of medicine. Also called MD in General Medicine. This course studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases. Students who take this course develop a deep understanding of the field of Medical Sciences. They become experts in studying and classifying various drugs and conducting various experiments and observations in the laboratory. This course is a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical exposure.

The duration of this course is 2 years and can vary up to 3 years in some universities. The basic eligibility to follow this course is MBBS from a recognized university. After completing this course, students can become physicians, anesthetists, bacteriologists, broad spectrum specialists, and others.

Eligibility criteria for MD

MD is one of the most sought after courses that requires rigorous study and many years of training. After completing MBBS and an internship from a recognized medical school, candidates can pursue a medical doctorate. It is a specialized 3-year course. However, to apply for admission to this coveted course, the candidate would need to take NEET PG, the nationwide entrance test. Some renowned medical colleges like AIIMS, JIPMER and Delhi University medical colleges conduct their own entrance tests. To secure a position at AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), the candidate would have to pass AIIMS PG. Similarly, to get into JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research), they must qualify JIPMER PG or DUMET for Delhi University Medical Faculties. However, in all medical institutions, admission is granted on merit. Some institutions may interview the candidate before granting him final admission. MD's area of specializations is as follows:


MD in Cardiology

MD in Clinical Hematology

MD in Clinical Pharmacology

MD in Endocrinology

MD in Gastroenterology

MD in Medical Gastroenterology

MD in Medical Oncology

MD in Neonatology

MD in Neurology

MD in Neurology

MD in Neuro-Radiology

MD in Pulmonary Medicine

MD in Rheumatology




  • Students must have completed their upper secondary education level or 10 + 2 with subjects such as biology, chemistry and physics. The student must have successfully completed their MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) from a reputed university or institution. MBBS is a 5 1/2 year course and includes a one year internship. After that, the person is eligible to go to MD in their chosen field. To do this, you must attend another entrance exam to access this course.

    Candidates must have a valid PG medical degree in MD / MS or a PG diploma in the corresponding course or specialization, with respect to the specialization they wish to pursue under DM. Candidates must have appeared for one of the superspecialties entrance tests conducted in India, be it at the national, state or university level. Candidates can apply for NEET-SS, which is conducted by NBE nationwide. Candidates will be selected for the respective courses based on their merit in the qualifying entrance exam.

    Candidates must refer to the eligibility criteria defined by DM College in India, which they wish to enter. Each university will have its own eligibility criteria and an accepted entrance exam, which applicants must meet. Candidates must also ensure that they have obtained a total score of 50% in the PG Medical course. SC / ST / OBC candidates must ensure that they have obtained a total score of 45% on the qualifying title. If candidates have passed MBBS from the same college / institution or university, the cumulative performance of candidates on the national / state / college entrance test and MBBS exam will be considered.

    It should be noted that according to the guidelines, 50% of the places will be in the field through the performance of the candidates through competitive exams, while the rest will be covered by management fee.

    MD Medicine: Admission Process

    Many institutes conduct their own entrance exams. The final section is based on performance in the entrance exam and its subsequent rounds. Below are some of the entrance exams for MD Medicine:

    • All India D.M / M.Ch. Entrance examination
    • All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Entrance Exam
    • Banaras Hindu University Entrance Exam
    • Delhi University Super specialty Entrance Test - DUMET
    • Institute of Human Behavior and Allied Sciences (IHBAS)
  • As mentioned above, admission to the course will be based on the candidate's merit on the qualifying entrance examination. Before applying for the course, all applicants are advised to meet the eligibility criteria specified by the university offering the course of their choice. Depending on the university's criteria, if they accept an entrance exam at the national or state level, candidates will need to apply for the exam and select the university during the entrance exam counseling process itself.

    If the University conducts its own entrance exam, candidates must register and apply directly to the university and then take the entrance exam on the stipulated date. All candidates will be selected based on their merit, calculated using the eligibility criteria mentioned.

    Skills needed to be a doctor

    Deep theoretical knowledge and practical experience in the field are the main factors for working successfully as an M.D. The work of an MD demands responsibility, sincerity, self-confidence and distinct skills and only by honing and honing those skills in daily work, one can establish himself as a successful physician. The vital skills required to be a successful doctor are listed below:

    Diagnostic ability

    Ability to diagnose diseases based on their symptoms.

    Interpersonal ability

    Ability to develop a relationship with patients and build their faith and trust.

    Communication skills

    Strong verbal and auditory ability to communicate with the patient and his family.

    Time management skill

    Punctuality, ability to work long hours and handle pressure.

    Perseverance and resistance

    Have the patience to listen and spend hours with patients

    Ability to work in a team

    Ability to work in a team together with other doctors, experts and technicians.

    Critical thinking and problem solving skills

    Ability to handle a critical case and apply corrective action to provide relief to the patient.

    Use of modern treatment techniques

    You must be familiar with modern treatment techniques and medical innovations.

    Structure of the MD course

    The duration of the MD course is 3 years. The entire course is divided into 6 semesters with 2 semesters in a year. The entire course emphasizes lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis papers, oral exam, group discussions, etc. Future doctors acquire in-depth knowledge of the subject along with exposure to practical work in hospitals. They all work in hospitals as "senior residents". Here's a look at the semester curriculum for the MD course

    Semester 1 and 2

    Applied basic science knowledge

    Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology

    Diseases with reference to General Medicine

    Diagnostic investigation and procedures

    Recent advances in Medicine



    Semester 3 and 4

    Monitoring seriously ill patients

    Ability to carry out research

    Counselling patients and relatives

    Ward patient management

    Ability to teach undergraduate students

    OPD patient management


    Semester 5 and 6

    Long and short topic presentations

    Journal conferences

    Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions

    PG case presentation skills

    Clinico-radiological and Clinico-pathological conferences

    Research review


  • To pass the medical examination, the candidate must obtain a 50% grade in each subject. If you fail to obtain the minimum grades in any of the subjects, you will have to retake the test.

    MD Medicine: Who Should Choose? 

    The candidate who wishes to study DM in Medicine must possess the following skills. A caring personality and a humble attitude are the two qualities that are of utmost importance. Communication skills are required as students are required to convey their research findings and discuss treatment with other medical personnel. Patience and intense interest in listening to the patient's side of the story are really important. Like any other doctor, they must be dedicated to their profession. They must have good hand-eye coordination and motivation to achieve their goal.

    Ability to work in a team and able to work long irregular hours in high stress medical environments. Good management skills are also necessary, as you will have to manage other administrative employees. The ability to plan with a purpose to meet your learning needs. Problem solver by nature. You must have an appetite for observation, listening, and curiosity. You should have read, probed, and researched habits to find solutions to difficult problems. Time management and teamwork skills are imperative.

    Career and career opportunities for MD

    There are ample job opportunities for MD. These doctors have clinical experience and are always in demand. After completing the master's degree, they can start working in different government hospitals, as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They can work in research and education institutes as doctors and research fellows. They can be recruited from an established hospital and clinic where they can practice. MD Medicine postgraduates are also hired by military services and biomedical companies. Drug manufacturing companies are also looking for trained and professional MD Medicine graduates. If you want to start your own business, you can open your own pharmacy and prescribe medicine.

    They can also work in biomedical companies. Those who are interested in teaching can join medical schools as professors and thesis guides. They can also participate in research papers and publications and in the creation of chapters for medical textbooks. Here is a list of areas that doctors can work on:

    Government hospitals

    Private super specialty hospitals

    Nursing homes

    Health centers

    Medical colleges

    Biomedical companies


    Research Institutes

    Medical Foundation and Trust

    Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies


    Non-profit organizations, etc.


    A successful GP can also practice private practice and establish his or her own clinic and nursing home.

    Average salary of a doctor

    After years of hard work, tireless efforts, and a rigorous schedule, a physician begins to reap the benefits when he begins to practice. To be sure, income depends on your experience, dedication and devotion to work, but the salary package is always lucrative. In government hospitals, the health department decides a doctor's pay scale. In private hospitals, the respective governing body determines the doctor's salary. When determining the salary package, they obviously consider your qualifications, experience, skills, and service history. A medical doctor can earn more by starting a private practice. However, the work area or location is also a determining factor in this regard. On average a doctor earns Rs 20 lakhs per year in a government hospital and Rs. 6 lakhs - 10 lakhs rupees in private hospitals.

    General practitioners

    General practitioners (GPs) cure a wide range of diseases. They treat patients of all types and ages. They provide consultations to patients at home and before / after surgery. They perform physical examinations and diagnosis and treatment of diseases / ailments. They are those Doctors who diagnose and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in people.


    The bacteriologist is responsible for studying various types of bacteria that constantly change, grow and evolve. They do research in a laboratory, either for government or pharmaceutical agencies. He is a trained professional in the field of bacteriology which is a subdivision of microbiology. The duties of a bacteriologist include the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of certain bacteria in samples from food, blood, and other sources.


    Anesthesiologists,they are doctors who administer anesthetics to patients. They provide anesthetics before, during, or after surgery. They also participate in other medical procedures. They also monitor the patient before and after anesthesia to calculate the patient's recovery time. They counteract adverse reactions or the appearance of complications. They also monitor the patient's conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities. It is the job of an anesthesiologist to administer anesthesia to a patient if they are undergoing a surgical procedure. Since too much, too little, or the wrong type of anesthesia can be life threatening, it is imperative that the anesthesiologist do their job to the best of their ability.


    Obstetricians are doctors who specialize in caring for women during and after pregnancy. They also work avidly in gynecology, which is the general diagnosis and treatment of women's diseases. The obstetrician is commonly known as an OB / GYN.

    Frequently asked questions about the Doctor of Medicine (DM)

    Q.1. I want admission to Doctor of Medicine (DM). Do I have to pass an exam for that?

    Ans. Delhi University Science, Delhi University Arts are some of the exams you can take to gain admission to the Doctorate of Medicine (DM) courses.

    Q.2. what are the best universities that offer Doctorate of Medicine (DM) courses?

    Ans. Below are some of the best universities offering medicine courses: Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute (Chennai), Grant Medical College (Mumbai), Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute (Bangalore), Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College (Mumbai), Government Medical College (Amritsar). You can explore these universities on our website to check if they offer Doctor of Medicine (DM) or not.

    Q.3. what is the average fee for the course Doctorate of Medicine (DM)?

    Ans. The average fee for Doctorate of Medicine (DM) is INR 3, 00,000 per year.

    Q.4. what are the popular specializations related to Doctorate of Medicine (DM)?

    Ans. Some of the popular specializations for D.M. (Doctorate of Medicine) are:Nephrology,Hematology,Cardiology,Endocrinology,and Pharmacology.

    Q.5. what is the duration of the course Doctorate of Medicine (DM)?

    Doctorate of Medicine (DM) is a 3 year course.



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