Master of Computer Applications

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About the Master of Computer Application Programme

The overall program aims to develop students' basic skills in various technologies focused on conceptual framework frameworks. The program offers the latest industry elective courses and project work.

The program is designed to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals in the field of information technology. It is more inclined towards application development and, thus, focuses more on the latest programming languages and tools to develop better and faster applications. The program equips students with knowledge of application software development for different areas to solve specific problems for end-users or clients.

Achieve software skills and strengthen students' computer applications. It prepares students for the needs of the industry so that they can thrive in the corporate IT sector. MCA courses focus more on implementing programming languages, IT skills, and other concepts with a comprehensive curriculum that spans five semesters. The sixth and final semester is dedicated to industrial training/internships and projects.

The MCA program focuses on providing students with a sound theoretical background as well as good practical performance in a related field. It aims to provide modern, industry-based education in applied computer science. It aims to produce trained professionals who can successfully meet the demands of the information technology industry.

In addition, the program focuses on the planning, designing, and manufacturing of complex commercial application software and system software. Financial security, freedom of resettlement, and a living future of learning make this program an ideal career for computer science enthusiasts.

Highlights of the MCA (Master of Computer Applications) course:


Here are some key highlights of the MCA (Master of Computer Applications) course:


Name of the Course

MCA (Masters of Computer Applications)

MCA Full Form

Master of Computer Applications

Course Level



2 years



Minimum Eligibility

The candidate must have pursued a Bachelor’s degree in BCA or equivalent.,

Minimum 50-60% in BCA or a related course with Mathematics in Class 12 as a compulsory subject

Entrance Exams







Admission Process

Merit-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying exam.

Entrance based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of a national level, Institute level, or a state-level entrance exam.

Top Colleges

NITs, JNU, DU, IP University, Mumbai University, VIT, etc.

Average Fees

30,000 to 50,000 (depends on institute)

MCA Jobs

Software Developer, Web Developer, System Analyst, Data Analyst, Troubleshooter, Technical Writer, System Administrator, etc.


  • Candidates belonging to reserved categories and economically weaker sections are eligible for state government scholarship schemes. 

  • Deemed or private universities offer merit scholarships  (based on marks in entrance exam or Graduation)

MCA Average Salary


Top Recruiters

Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Accenture, Deloitte, Sapient, Infosys, TCS, IBM, Chegg, etc.

Duration Of this course


The duration of the MCA course is for three academic years. It is a full-fledged postgraduate course offered by many colleges/universities located in India. This course is divided into six semesters with a duration of six months each. The first year of this course focuses on the development of skills in computer computers, the second year is to provide a conceptual framework and the third year offers features and project work.

Eligibility criteria for Master of Computer Applications


Meeting the Master of Computer Application Eligibility Criteria:


Students who have graduated from any recognized university in any discipline like Science, Commerce, Arts, Engineering, BCA are eligible to apply for this course.

Applicants should have studied Mathematics at 10 + 2 standard or at graduation level.

Eligibility Test should be passed with 50% marks (45% for SC / ST candidates).

MCA Admission Process

Admission to the MCA course is given on the basis of All India based entrance examinations. Many of the top colleges and universities in India offer admission on the basis of a merit list prepared according to the marks obtained in the entrance examination. Generally, the entrance exam is based on mathematics and logic. Each entrance exam has a different exam pattern.

Admission to the MCA (Master of Computer Applications) course is done in two ways:

  • Merit-Based:

Direct admission is based on merit in the aptitude tests. Some institutes also offer admission to management quota, which is also a direct admission method. Management quota seats are reserved in every college. Fees are usually higher for these seats. Admission to the course is based on the marks obtained by the candidate in the merit-based admission test. Some colleges also prepare a cutoff list based on the aptitude test for admission.

  • Entrance Based:

Admission to the course is based on the marks obtained by the candidate at the national level, state level, or college level entrance examinations. Admission is through a counseling process. After taking the entrance test, eligible students are called for a counseling session. Counseling is provided for seat allotment in various colleges affiliated with that university. Students enter counseling after the distribution of seats.

Some MCA entrance exams are listed here:

  • NIMKET 2020 (National Institute of Technology's Common Entrance Test)

  • MAH MCA CET 2020 (Maharashtra's Common Entrance Test)

  • VITAMEE 2020 (Vellore Institute of Technology MCA Entrance Exam)

  • IPU CET 2020 MCA (Inderprastha University Common Entry Test)

  • TSICET 2020 (Telangana State Integrated Joint Entrance Test)

  • APICET 2020 (Andhra Pradesh Integrated Joint Entrance Test)

  • OJE 2020 (Orissa Joint Entrance Examination)

  • IIST 2020 (Indian Space Science and Technology)


Some of the leading colleges and universities offering MCA courses are:


  • National Institute of Technology, Surathkhal

  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad

  • National Institute of Technology, Ra, Rakela

  • VIT University, Vellore

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee

  • Birla Institute of Technology (BITS), Ranchi


Top MCA Entrance Exams


In addition to direct admission, the following entrance exams should be given by MCA aspirants for admission in reputed universities. The date, mode, and duration of MCA entrance exams along with some important dates are mentioned in the table below:

Entrance exam

Conducting Exam

Application Period

Exam Date

Exam Mode


Indraprastha University 

March 3 - July 20, 2020

To be announced



Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU)

January 2021

September 20, 2020 (Postponed)

Online and Offline


National Institute Of Technology, Surathkal

March 2021

August 9, 2020 (Postponed)

Pen & Paper


Anna University

January 2021

March 2021

Pen & Paper


VIT University

March 2021




State Common Entrance Test Cell, Maharashtra

January 2021

July 19, 2020 (Postponed)

Computer-based Test


Birla Institute of Technology

April 2021

June 2021J



Master of Computer Applications (MCA) Syllabus


MCA First Year:


Fundamentals of IT

Object-Oriented Programming in C++

Computer Organization

Operating Systems

Programming in C

Database Management Systems

Data and File Structures

Software Engineering

Discrete Mathematics


MCA Second Year:


Theory of Computation

Data Warehousing and Data Mining

Data Communications and Networking

Object-Oriented Analysis and Design

Computer Graphics

Web Technologies

Design and Analysis of Algorithms

Computer Networks

Java Programming


MCA Third Year:


Linux Programming

Enterprise Computing with Java

Software Testing


6-month Internship



Master of Computer Applications (MCA) Career Options and Job Opportunities

There are many job opportunities available in the MCA field. Candidates with an MCA degree may have better employment opportunities in top IT companies and top consulting firms. At present, with the advancement of IT and communication systems, people with good computer skills are in high demand in the IT sector. MCA qualified students can easily find jobs in the public and private sectors. There are a lot of jobs available in both sectors. Candidates can get profiles according to their skills and caliber.

If you take a course from a well-recognized university, you will find great jobs and career opportunities in this field. You can work in different fields like banking, networking, IT companies, desktop publishing, etc.

During the initial period of enrollment, candidates are given a few months of training. After that, they can work on live projects. candidates can start their career as a trainee programmer. Initially, they have to work in different roles and areas. The IT professional's responsibilities are to develop, test, and maintain software/applications.

Candidates with an MCA degree can also choose their profession in the field of teaching. He can also work as a lecturer in reputed colleges/universities.

Skills Required:

  • To be a good programmer, you need to have good command in programming languages like C, C ++, Java, .NET, ASP.NET, etc.

  • If you are interested in web designing, you need to focus on PHP, CSS, HTML, JavaScript, and other languages.

  • If you want to go into the field of networking, you have to specialize in SQL, Links, etc., in addition to studying the subjects during the course, aspiring candidates also get certificates in CCNA, CCNP, CCIE to get a good position in the organization.


The doors of the IT industry are open after the successful completion. After completing MCA, graduates can pursue many opportunities. IT, software engineering, network engineering, and consulting are the areas that offer jobs to candidates pursuing MCA. Below are some job profiles that you can apply for after completing the course:

  • Software developer

  • Programmer

  • System engineer

  • System analyst

  • System administrator

  • Troubleshooter

  • Software Application Architect

  • Web designers and developers

  • Software consultant

  • Technical author


  • The salary of a fresher in this area is Rs. 3 lakh to 5 lakh per annum. However, packages depend on an individual's coding and other IT skills. Highly skilled candidates can also avail of a salary package of Rs. 9.3 lakh per annum. The salary increases rapidly according to the experience of the candidate.

  • In India, the salary of a software developer is around Rs.3.5 lakh per annum depending on the working organization, education, skills, etc.

  • With good skills in C ++ and Java / J2E, you can get a high paying job in this field. Once you have the required experience in the IT field, you can easily get a beautiful salary package


Postgraduates in MCA are employed by private IT companies as well as government institutions. Recruiters are as follows:

  • NTPC

  • GAIL

  • BHEL

  • Infosys

  • Wipro

  • TCS

  • Cognizant

  • IBM

  • American Express

  • HCL

  • HP

  • Syntel

  • Accenture

How to get admission to a good MCA college?

Here are some tips to keep in mind when seeking admission to a good MCA college

  • To get admission in a good MCA college, one must secure more than 55% of their undergraduate level from a recognized university.

Software Development.

Artificial Intelligence.

Multimedia Systems.

Web-Based Applications

Theoretical Computer Science

Database Management System

Data Communication 

Software Engineering.

Computer Networks.


  • Solve mock tests and sample papers at least 10-12 times after you prepare the above sections.

  • Start preparing for the entrance exam a year in advance and apply on time, keeping in mind your target college.

  • Prepare mentally and physically with other rounds after the entrance exam ie group discussions and personal interviews.

  • Stay updated with current affairs as it will help clear up these rounds.

Note: Keep a record of important dates of the admission process, entrance exams, etc. so that you do not miss anything and secure a place in a good MBA Finance College.

Types of MCA

In addition to a regular MCA course. Students can teach MCA distance online as well as MCA distance.

The following is some important information related to the types of MCA


MCA Distance Education

MCA online 


Away from university infrastructure

Online through web facility


2-5 Years

6 Months-4 Years


Bachelor's degree

Bachelor’s Degree




Average Fees

INR 40,000-1,50,000

INR 30,000-1,50,000

Top Colleges


University of Mysore

Annamalai University

Amity University

The University Of Mumbai, Institute Of Distance & Open Learning - [Idol], Mumbai

Tamil Nadu Open University



MCA Degree vs. MSc Computer Science

The following is a comparison between MCA vs MSc Computer Science based on eligibility, interval, qualification, course summary, fees, and salary.



MSc Computer Science

Course Overview

MCA course provides in-depth and extensive knowledge about various aspects of computer applications. Students are taught everything related to software, hardware, and networking with the studies of IT, Data structures & Mathematics.

MSc Computer Science provides core competence in various aspects of Computer Science. Students are taught software engineering, mathematics, artificial intelligence, data science, and much more.


MCA stands for Master of Computer Applications

This course offers a Master of Science degree in the field of Computer Science


3 years

2 years


BCA or related field

BSc Computer science or related field

Average Fees (INR)

1,00,000 - 5,00,000

1,00,000 - 3,00,000

Average Starting Salary (INR)

2,50,000 - 5,00,000 

3,50,000 - 6,00,000

FAQs Related to Master of Computer Application

Question: What is the duration of the MCA course?

Answer: The duration of the MCA course is 3 years course but till February 12, 2020, a notification has been issued by the government stating that MCA will be a 2-year course from next year. The All India Council of Technical Education worked with the University Grants Commission to reduce the tenure which will help all students.

Question: What is the best MCA or MBA?

Answer: Both have their own characteristics and it is up to the student to decide what he wants to do in the future. If he wants a job and is good at managerial skills then he should go ahead with an MBA but if he wants to learn more about MCA as a subject then MCA is the way forward. There are many other opportunities for MCA that will enable the individual to work and help return something to the subject.

Question: How are MCA admissions going because of Covid-19?

Answer: Many entrance exams are postponing exam dates. Many colleges like VIT have started taking students for MCA on the basis of MG percentage of students. Due to the Kovid-19 epidemic, VIT will not conduct entrance exams this year.

Question: What is the salary of an MCA graduate?

Answer: The average salary for an MCA graduate is around INR 4,00,000 to INR 6,50,000 per year. There are enough jobs in both the government sector and the private sector for MCA graduates with the necessary skills.

Question: Is MCA equivalent to BTech?

Answer: MCA is generally equivalent to BTech but Mtech has more scope than MCA. It would be better if a student studying MCA stays in the academic field where his knowledge will be given more importance.

Question: When will Maharashtra MCA CET?

Answer: The Maharashtra MCA CET has been postponed indefinitely and will be announced at a future date, taking stock of the current conditions of Kovid-19. The examination was scheduled to be held on July 19, 2020, but was thus postponed.

Question: What are the MCA course subjects?

Answer: Common MCA course topics covered in MCA courses are computer organization and architecture, operating systems and systems software, data structures using computer programming with collaborative research and optimization techniques. Oriented Programming with Java.

Question: Question. Is MCA equivalent to BTech?

Answer: MCA is generally equivalent to BTech but Mtech has more scope than MCA. It would be better if a student studying MCA stays in the academic field where his knowledge will be given more importance.





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