What is Master of Philosophy?

Exam Help

MPhil or Master of Philosophy is a two-year postgraduate academic research program. Candidates from any branch: Humanities, Commerce, Sciences, Law, Teaching, etc. they can take an MPhil course. In an MPhil course, applicants must study theory and practical subjects. Apart from this, candidates must also conduct research and submit their research results. After completing the MPhil course, candidates may consider pursuing a PhD program.

Applicants who are interested in pursuing an MPhil course must first meet the established eligibility criteria. The criteria may vary across different universities, however the basic eligibility set is that candidates must have achieved at least 55% grades in the subject in which they wish to pursue a master's degree at the graduate level. Candidates are generally shortlisted for admission to an MPhil course on the basis of their performance on an entrance exam followed by a round of personal interview (PI).

MA Philosophy: What is it about?

Philosophy is a comprehensive study of the philosophies of various philosophers from different countries. It situates historical philosophies in the current state of affairs and provides a sharp critical insight into them. This is a great course that includes various philosophical principles such as Marxism, Imagination, Feminism, Symbolization, etc. Philosophy includes a study of philosophical methods that include systematic questions and presentations. This course is closely related to religion, mathematics, natural science, education, and politics.

Why study MA Philosophy?

Master of Philosophy aims to provide students with knowledge of fundamental issues in ethics, politics, economics, human rights, culture, etc. Thus, help them identify and analyze the basic reasons that motivate the previous dimensions of human life. Candidates for this philosophy degree program explore a number of topics, including the moral implications of human actions in society, the state of being, and the examination of words, dialogues, and idioms.

Holders of a Master of Philosophy can pursue higher studies and can pursue a career in various areas such as Epistemology, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Language, Cognitive Sciences, etc. This program greatly benefits those who study this subject as a passion as it comes. Along with ethics and basic moral values.A degree in Philosophy satisfies the desire of a student who has a keen interest in the study of philosophy, the history of philosophy, and also places philosophy in different historical and geographical contexts.

All applicants for higher studies can earn the M. Phil degree in Applied Philosophy, Ph.D. in Philosophy and Research in Philosophy. There are several high-profile job opportunities in Master's Philosophy upon completion of a Master's of Philosophy both in India and abroad. They can select their career path in areas such as Public Service, Law, Teaching, Diplomacy, Ministry, Research, Publications, Journalism, Insurance and Student Affairs, etc.


Popular MPhil Courses in Humanities

MPhil History

MPhil Economics

MPhil Linguistics

MPhil English       

MPhil in Geography

MPhil in Sociology

MPhil in Political Science

MPhil Hindi

MPhil Public Administration

MPhil in Humanities & Social Science

MPhil in Human Development Studies

MPhil Social Work

MPhil in Applied and Regional Economics

MPhil + PhD in Arts


Popular MPhil Courses in Science

MPhil in Biology

MPhil in Chemistry

MPhil Physics

MPhil in Life Sciences

MPhil Biotechnology

MPhil Botany

MPhil in Computer Science

MPhil in Zoology

MPhil in Clinical Psychology

MPhil in Mathematical Sciences

MPhil Degree in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries


Popular MPhil Courses in Commerce

MPhil in Law


Popular MPhil Courses in Teaching & Education

MPhil in Education

MPhil (Physical Education)


Required skills for MPhil

Applicants who want to pursue an MPhil program must have an interest in the subject they want to pursue. Apart from this, candidates must be extremely hard-working and dedicated when they think of taking an MPhil course. Some key skills that an aspirant must possess while taking an MPhil course are listed below:

Good analytical skills

Good reasoning skills


Hard work


Good in Research


Insightful observer

Good writing ability



MPhil Eligibility Criteria

Candidates can follow an MPhil course if they have completed their master's degree in a related field in which they wish to pursue an MPhil course. Aside from this, some colleges also specify that candidates must have achieved at least 55% graduate-level grades in the subject in which they wish to pursue an MPhil degree. The subjects taught as part of an MPhil course may vary from one university to another. Applicants can see the topics taught in some popular MPhil programs in the table below:

Subjects taught in MPhil courses

Subjects taught in MPhil courses

MPhil Business Management

Management principles

Understanding of managerial roles

Problem-solving approach

Organizational Behavior

Human Resource Management

Research Methodology

Review of Literature



MPhil History

Readings in Trends in Historiography 1

Research Methodology

Language – Persian, Urdu, English or any other language depending upon the research interest of the student

Readings in Trends in Historiography 2

Themes in Early Indian History (for students specialising on Early India)

Themes in Medieval Indian History (for students specialising in Medieval Indian history)

Debates in Modern Indian History (for students specialising in Modern Indian history)



MPhil English

Research Methodologies

Literary Theory and Criticism

Renaissance Studies

Eighteenth-Century Literature

Indian Writing in English

Shakespeare & his Writings

Literature in Nineteenth Century

Twentieth-Century Fiction and Poetry

Popular Culture Texts

Culture and Crime: Golden Age Detective Fiction

Partition Drama



MPhil in Political Science

Introduction to Research

Doing research sub-discipline wise: Indian Politics and Comparative Politics, Public Policy and International Relations, Political Theory and Indian Political Thought

Idea of Research

Quantitative Methods

Ethnographic Research

Alternative Readings of the Philosophy of Science

Hermeneutics and Phenomenology



MPhil in Applied and Regional Economics

Research Methodology

Issues in Development Economics (I)

Issues in Indian Economy (I)

Research Techniques

Issues in Development Economics (II)

Issues in Indian Economy (II)




MPhil Economics

Research Methodology in Economics

Advanced Studies in Economics

Quantitative Techniques

Contemporary Economic Issues

Methodology of Dissertation Writing

Logic and Methodology of Science

Current Issues in Indian and World Economy



MPhil in Geography

Research Methodology

Advanced Spatial Analysis

Agricultural Development and Environmental Issues

Critical Geopolitics and Regional Security

Environmental Monitoring and Geographical Information System

Environmental Security: Problems and Policies

Gender and Development

Geography of Hunger

Globalisation and Development

Landforms and Geoenvironmental Applications

Land Use Landcover Mapping Techniques

Disasters and their Management

Politics of Space

Population Movements

Restructuring Post-modem Political Geography

Resource Management: Issues and Problems

Social-Political Processes and the Geography of Elections in India

Spatial Dimensions of Politics

Regional Development

Sustainable Cities

Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security

Tropical Land Forms and Geo-Environmental Applications

Urban Agriculture



MPhil in Humanities & Social Science

Research Methodology

International Studies

Development of Planning & Policies

Socio-Psychological Perspectives on Development and Change

Micro-Level Planning: Principles, Methods, and Case Studies



MPhil in Human Development Studies

Early Childhood Care and Education

Community Psychology

Child and Family Welfare

Human Development

Family Studies

Research Methods and Statistics


MPhil Linguistics

Current Trends in Linguistic Theory

Reading in Linguistics

Research Methodology



MPhil in Sociology

Reflections on Ethnography

Contemporary Class Analysis

Philosophical Anthropology

Structuralism and Post-Structuralism

Theorising Democracy, Equality and Social Justice

Archaeology of Caste

Sociology of Health and Illness

Theorising Masculinities

Rethinking the Family in Contemporary Society

Nature, Society, Environment

Sociology of Civil War

Studying the State

Agrarian Structure

Transnational Migration, Gender And Identities

Social Discrimination and Subalterneity: Historical and Comparative Perspectives

Gender and Population: Perspectives on Reproduction, Sexuality and Power

Women In Indian Society


MPhil Public Administration

Advanced Research Methodology and Research in Public Administration

Advanced Public Administration

Philosophical Foundations of Administrative Theory

Computer Applications in Public Administration


Public Policy

Dynamics of Indian Administration, Economic Administration and Public

Enterprise Management

Local Governance in India

Dynamics of Social Administration


MPhil Social Work

Research Methods in Social Work and Statistics

Review of Studies in Social Work

Social Development and Welfare: Perspectives and Policies

Social Action and Social Movements

Social Work Education

Human Relations and Employees Welfare

Youth Work

Women Welfare and Development

Child Development

Social Work with the Elderly

Person with disability and Social Work

Community Development and Community Work

Tribal Development

Gandhian Social Work

Ecology and Development

Social Defense and Correctional Services Social Justice

Health and Social Work

Education and Development

Social Work with Families



MPhil in Life Sciences

Advance Molecular Biology

Immunology and Immunotechnology

Advances in Biochemistry

Microbial Cell Metabolism and Regulation

Ecology and Biodiversity

Research methodology and Laboratory Technique theory


MPhil in Botany

Basic Research Methodology & Instrumentation

Advancing Frontiers & New Vistas in Plant Science

Thesis Evaluation

Advance Ecology, Conservation & Environmental Biology

Cytogenetic and Plant Breeding


MPhil in Computer Science

General Research Methodology

Advanced Computing Techniques

Software Engineering

Image Processing

Data Mining

Artificial Intelligence

Networks Security

Embedded Systems


MPhil in Mathematics

Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability

Fluid Flow Instability, MHD, Plasmas and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Groups, Rings and Modules

Matrix Analysis

Boundary-Layer Theory



MPhil in Chemistry

Research Methodology

Thermodynamics and Physical Properties of Liquid Solution

Physical Methods in Chemistry

Reactivity of Ether Linkage

Recent Trends in Chemistry

Kinetics and Mechanism

Natural Products Chemistry

Advanced Coordination Chemistry

Advanced Studies of Macro Cyclic Complexes

Thermodynamics of Liquid Solutions

Organic Reaction Mechanism

Physical Methods in Organic Chemistry

Electro Organic Chemistry

Corrosion Inhibition of Metals

Organic Synthesis

Organic Reaction Mechanism


MPhil Biotechnology

Research Methodology

Scientific Writing

Project Management in Biotechnology

Bio-Industry Internals

Bioprocess Technology

Enzyme Technology

Recombinant DNA Technology



MPhil Zoology

Tools and Techniques for Research in Zoology

Advances in Parasitology

Industrial Zoology

Insects and Man

Teaching Practice I

Animal Behavior




MPhil Physics


General Research Methodology

Measurement and Instrumentation in Physics

Research Proposal


Crystal Physics


Nuclear Physics



Structure, Determination and Characterization of Crystal

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Radiation Detectors and Measurements

Measurement Techniques in Spectroscopy

High-Temperature Superconductivity


MPhil in Clinical Psychology

Psychosocial Foundation of Behavior and Psychopathology

Biological Foundations of Behavior


Psychological Assessments including Viva Voce

Psychotherapy and Counseling

Behavioral Medicine

Statistics and Research Methodology

Psychological Therapies including Viva Voce


MPhil Degree in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries

Research Methodology

Aquatic Biology

Fisheries and Aquaculture



MPhil Commerce

Quantitative Techniques

Research Methodology

Computer Applications in Research

Advanced Management Accounting

Contemporary Marketing

Strategic Financial Management




MPhil in Law

Research Methodology

Law, Development & Social

Recent Trends in Law

Constitution of India


MPhil in Education

Research Methodology

Statistics in Education

Computer Applications

Foundations of Education

Any One: Inclusive Education, Teacher Education, Information, Communication and Educational Technology


MPhil Physical Education

Research Methodology in Physical Education

Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education

Any One: Ki anthropometry or Exercise Physiology

Computer Application & Statistics in Physical Education

Sports Training

Any One: Sports Psychology or Biomechanics





MPhil range

With a Master of Philosophy in the subject in which they have specialized, candidates have many options, either nationally or internationally. Research work done in the program may allow a candidate to go ahead and earn a PhD in the respective subject or course. Candidates can start looking for jobs in various organizations and educational institutions linked to the area of work in which they have completed their specialization.

MA Philosophy Employment Outlook and Career Options

Graduates in Master Philosophy can choose a career in various specialties of philosophy such as Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Moral Philosophy, Aesthetics, etc. Upon successful completion of this degree, a student may apply for the UGC-NET or JRF exam; Success on these exams makes them eligible for teaching or research. Candidates holding this degree / program can be hired in various fields such as an ethics consultant, school teacher, social worker, charity administrator, information science, survey interviewer, etc.

Future scope of the MA philosophy

The postgraduate degree in Philosophy will allow students to understand society and life. After completing the Master's Philosophy course, candidates gain a great understanding of the world and human behavior. Candidates can choose Ph.D. Philosophy / M.Phil. Philosophy as your higher studies, if you want to study more. Holders of a Master of Philosophy can sit for the competitive exams like UPSC and MPSC and join IPS, IFS, IAS, etc. or take the JRF / NET / SET exams for the academic pursuit of philosophy.

This imparted knowledge will help them enter career areas related to research, teaching, content development, or program instructor in various educational and corporate organizations.One can apply for teaching positions in leading schools and universities as a junior professor or as a research associate.Therefore, there are many opportunities open to students after completing this course. Some of the main profiles are Student Affairs, Administrator, Insurance Underwriter, Interviewer, Archivist, etc.

Some of the popular employment areas for philosophy master's degrees are Public Service, Health and Social Work, Public Administration, Community, Social and Personal Service, Research Centers, and Schools.

MPhil-related FAQ’s

Q.1. Is completing MPhil required to complete a PhD?

Answer. According to UGC guidelines, it is not mandatory for a candidate to obtain an MPhil to apply for a PhD. However, if a candidate has done their MPhil degree, it adds more value when it comes to pursuing a PhD course. Candidates are offered direct admission to some universities if they have completed their MPhil and at some universities the candidate does not have to retake doctoral courses.

Q.2.what is the difference between MPhil and PhD?

Answer. MPhil is "Master of Philosophy" and PhD stands for "Doctor of Philosophy". Both degrees are based on research and course work, but a PhD has a higher advantage over MPhil. Through a PhD, a candidate can teach in universities and also in line of education. Through an MPhil, only candidates can enter research work in organizations.

Q.3. Can I do MPhil in Social Work?

Answer. Yes. Many colleges offer MPhil in Social Work. However, for admission, universities conduct entrance exams and personal interviews.

Q.4.what is the difference between a master's degree and an MPhil?

Answer. The difference between a master's degree in any course and an MPhil is that the latter requires intensive research work. However, a candidate can only earn an MPhil degree if they have completed their master's degree. A candidate who has graduated can apply for a master's course but not MPhil.

Q.5. How difficult is the course work at MPhil?

Answer. Courses at MPhil require a lot of research, time, and dedication. Also, if you have taken a course that you have a genuine interest in and want to go all the way then you will find the course work interesting to do.



Subscribe Now

Follow Us