Master of Science

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What is Masters of Science?

The full form of M.Sc is the shot form of Master of Science (MSc). MSc is a two-year postgraduate course offered by universities and colleges in various specialized scientific fields such as Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, Food Sciences, Life Sciences, etc. A Master of Science degree provides students with entry-level scientific and professional competence. The course offers advanced theoretical and practical knowledge to students in their chosen specialization. The master's specialization that students choose is usually the one they study during graduation.

If you are a graduate looking for career options in the field of science, here is everything you need to know about the master's degree in terms of your required skill set, basic eligibility criteria, course curriculum, exams higher income, job profiles, etc.The basic skills and traits that aspiring candidates to pursue a master's course should possess are mentioned below:



Attention to detail and accuracy

Analytical skills

Scientific skills

Ability to work in a team

Observation skills

Research skills

Problem-solving skills



Why study Master of Science?

The master's degree opens a variety of paths for students who are following this course. Your knowledge of the subject and your research skills in your specialization advance as you progress through the course as it includes international training and orientation. Apart from this, only top class research institutes in India offer this course which is a great deal for any research sector enthusiast.

In terms of career options, there is no shortage of relevant opportunities as the government is sponsoring a number of research projects regarding the environment, technology, management, biotechnology and much more. With the increasing demand for people in the R&D industry, trained professionals are needed to sustain and continue projects and research, so the chances of unemployment or recession are very likely.

The average salary you can expect after completing your master's degree depends on the type of organization you are seeking employment with. In govt. sector, you will be paid according to standards that are already established. In private industries, the chances of obtaining a higher paying job at the middle level are more frequent than in government. The salary package and remuneration can reach INR 10 LPA after 2-5 years of relevant experience.

How does a master's degree differ from other master's degrees?

There are many different master's programs, each with its own name assigned by the awarding university. These include a Master of Science (MSc, M.Sc., MS, MS, M.Sci., Sc.M.), Master of Arts (MA, MA, AM or AM), Master of Philosophy (MPhil, M .Phil.), And many others. The two most common are the Master of Science (MSc) and the Master of Arts (MA). A Master of Scienceprogram focuses more on a fact-based curriculum, such as math, engineering, medicine, or technology. This is in contrast to the other more popular master's degree, the Master of Arts, which generally focuses more on humanities classes, such as communications or social sciences.

Master's Degree: Eligibility Criteria

Admission to the master's program is based on performance in the bachelor's degree in engineering / science or management, and entrance exams such as GATE, NET, and the like. Students can apply directly to the university through online or offline mode, if they have a valid score on one of the mentioned entrance exams.

All candidates must possess a Bachelor of Science from a recognized university. The minimum qualifications that candidates must obtain at graduation to be eligible for a master's course are generally 50-60%. However, the required percentage may change depending on the policy of a university or institute to which a candidate is applying.

Eligibility for Master of Science

Students must have completed BTech or BE or MSc course with at least 50-60%. A valid GATE score is an important factor in gaining admission to a master's course. In addition to GATE, you may qualify for the CSIR / UGC NET / NBHM exams. If you do not have any of these scores, you must have achieved 80% or more than 8 CGPA in BTech from any of the IIT universities.

Course syllabus for MScc

A master's course is offered in various specializations. Some of the popular Master's specializations include Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Computer Science, Environmental Sciences, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Statistics, Life Sciences, and Food Sciences. The curriculum of a master's course depends on the specialization that the candidate has chosen to pursue. Below is an overview of the subjects taught in some of the popular Master's specializations:


Mathematical Methods

Classical Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics

Classical Electrodynamics

Solid State Physics


Atomic Spectroscopy

Nuclear and Particle Physics

Relativity and Cosmology

Advanced Optics

Radiation Theory

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Statistical Mechanics

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Computer Applications in Physics

Molecular Spectroscopy





Inorganic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Analytical Chemistry

Inorganic Reaction Mechanism and Organomettalics

Organic Reactions Mechanisms

Principles of Spectroscopy

Organic Synthetic Methods

Chemistry of Materials

Nuclear & Radiochemistry

Computational Chemistry

Advanced Quantum Chemistry

Chemical Dynamics and Electrochemistry

Applications of Spectroscopy


Advanced Chemical Kinetics and Electrochemistry

Transition and Non-transition Metal Chemistry

Group Theory and Spectroscopy

Concepts in Organic Synthesis

Modern Techniques and Scope of Chemical Biology

Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics



Advanced Abstract Algebra

Real Analysis

Advanced Differential Equations

Differential Geometry

Dynamics of a Rigid Body

Linear Algebra


Special Functions


Complex Analysis


Advanced Analyses

Numeral Analysis

Measure and Integration

Fluid Dynamics

General Measure Theory

Matrix Analysis

Theory of Operations

Vector Analysis

Geometry of Numbers



Genes and Genomics

Metabolism and Metabolomics

(Organismic Biology and Cell Biology

Molecules of living systems

Proteins and Proteomics

Recombinant DNA Technology

Cell Biology

Methods in Applied Sciences



Biostatistics and Bioinformatics

Research Methodology and IPR

Molecular Oncology and Molecular Medicine

Clinical Immunology

Recent Advances in Biology

Introduction to Pharmacology


Plant physiology

Animal physiology


Biophysics and structural biology

Computational biology and bioinformatics



Top MSc Colleges in India

NIRF Ranking

College Name




IIT Madras




IIT Delhi

New Delhi

INR 1,50,000-2,00,000


IIT Kanpur


INR 1,00,000-1,50,000




INR 4,00,000-8,00,000


International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)


INR 3,00,000-3,50,000


The average fee charged by these universities can be around INR 1-4 Lakh, depending on the university affiliation and the type of university (government or private). The main specializations a student can opt for are Software Engineering, Biochemical Engineering and many more in the Engineering domain, and Consultant Management, Quality Management, etc. in the Management or Entrepreneurship domain.

After graduation, the most famous option that most students opt for is to become a research scientist and get involved in the research arena in both private and government organizations like DRDO, CSIR labs and the like.Apart from this, you can also become a senior level consultant or manager of a reputed company in private organizations like Deloitte, Accenture and others if you have obtained the mastery of MSc in Management.


Not many engineering or management students choose the MSc course, because not many want to dedicate their careers to the research industry. Therefore, this course is not as famous as courses like MTech or MBA, but the career options and scope are huge after obtaining the master's degree. Students often confuse Master of Science (MScc) and Master of Science (MSc). Read what MSc is and how it differs.

Job Areas

After completing your degree, you can work in various organizations and companies. A list of the job area where you can work after post-graduation in science are:


Government Sector

Private Sector











Job Profile

Research Assistant

Lab Technician


Field Officer



Researcher and accountant


Quantitative Developer

Assistant Professor

Junior Software Engineer

















Students who complete Masters of Sciencein Physics with high percentage can apply for jobs at NASA. Masters of Sciencein Mathematics graduates can work in different government organizations such as DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) & ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). There are lots of opportunities not only in India but also in foreign nations for Masters of Sciencegraduates.

Salary and pay scale

A holder of anMasters of Sciencedegree can earn an average salary of Rs.25k to Rs.35k per month. There are many companies in both sectors that offer a higher salary package for holders of master's degrees. Salaries will also depend on the field of work, the size of the company, the sector, the location, the qualification and many others. Good experience in this field can help you get an attractive salary package.

Master: job profiles and top recruiters

Holders of a master's degree can access various types of jobs depending on the specialization they have studied. The course is wide-ranging and there are ample opportunities for master's evictions in both the public and private sectors. Some of the top recruiters for master's graduates are:

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre













Take a look at some of the popular job profiles of master's degree holders below:

Research Scientist: A research scientist has the role of designing, conducting and analyzing information obtained from controlled laboratory experiments and investigations. As a research scientist, a student may choose to work in a government laboratory, an environmental organization, etc.

Junior Research Fellow: The job function of a Junior Research Fellow includes conducting research, conducting research-related development activities, publishing scientific papers and their results, etc. Along with JRF (Junior Research Fellowship), candidates also usually participate in a PhD program.

Mathematician: A mathematician uses advanced theories and techniques of mathematics to develop and understand mathematical principles and solve real-world problems in business, government, engineering, social science, etc.

Biochemist: A biochemist is a person who plays a key role in the development of drugs to fight different diseases. As part of daily work, a biochemist analyzes DNA, enzymes, and other molecules to investigate the effects of drugs and food on biological processes.

Food and Drug Inspector - The main job of a food and drug inspector is to ensure that products are safe for human consumption. A food and drug inspector, also known as a quality control inspector, examines food or pharmaceuticals at different stages of the manufacturing process and ensures that quality standards are met.

Chemical Analyst: A chemical analyst is a professional who collects information about the composition of chemicals and processes, as well as communicates it through the means of science, engineering, and mathematics. Sometimes a chemical analyst will also document and publish their findings in industry magazines.

Teacher: An MScc graduate may also choose to be a teacher in their respective science subject. However, for the same candidates they must follow B.Ed after their graduate degree.

Future Scope of the Master of Science (MSc)

The scope and opportunities in the research industry, be it of any kind, will only advance and increase for graduates of master's courses. There are so many research projects and policies that require the skills and supervision of educated professionals.Not just in India, but the opportunities are huge abroad as well, as well as in countries like the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Sweden, and many more.

Private Sector: There are many companies that require the assistance of research professionals in their R&D department in companies such as Accenture, Dr. Reddy's, Sapient, Novozymes, Novo Nordisk, etc. in these companies compared to government organizations.

Government Sector: Students can find employment opportunities in top research institutes like DRDO, ISRO, National Physical Laboratory and other top-class engineering and research institutes in India as a junior researcher or scientist with salary as per government standards which can be INR 30,000-50,000 per month initially.

Higher Education Options: Students generally prefer to do a PhD after this MSc course, primarily in a relevant specialization during their MSc course studies. But you can also do an MBA course to enter the business sector in the management scenario.Many students aspire to obtain their doctoral education in foreign countries due to the international learning and opportunities they will obtain, as well as financial stability.


A Master of Science is a graduate degree taught by most universities around the world. Some of the more common abbreviations are M.Sc., M.S., Sc.M., S.M. and others. The Master of Science focuses on disciplines such as Science, Engineering, Technology, Mathematics, Medicine, and some Social Sciences, such as Finance, Psychology, Sociology, and others. To earn an M.Sc. degree, you normally have to write a scientific thesis, but this depends on the type of study program.

You should not confuse the Master of Science (M.Sc.) with the Master of Science (MSci). The MSci is an undergraduate course, which generally takes 4 years to complete and allows students to graduate with a master's level degree. The Master of Science is less common than the M.Sc. and is usually associated with professional issues.In India, universities generally offer master's programs in the discipline of science. Generally, postgraduate science courses lead to a master's degree, while postgraduate engineering courses lead to a bachelor's degree in ME or MTech. For example, a master's degree in automotive engineering would normally be an ME or MTech, while a master's degree in physics would be a master's degree. Some of the best universities also offer undergraduate programs that lead to a master's degree known as an integrated master's degree.

A Master of Science in Engineering (MS.Engg.) Is also offered in India. It is generally structured as a research engineering degree, less than the Ph.D. and is considered parallel to M.Phil. Bachelor of Humanities and Sciences. Some institutes like IIT offer a master's degree for graduate engineering courses. This degree is considered a research-oriented degree, while the MTech or ME degree is generally not a research degree in India. Master's degree is also awarded by various IISER, which are one of the best institutes in India.

Master of Science: FAQs

Ques. What is Masters of Science degree?

Ans. Masters of Sciencedegree is a professional industry oriented course in the field of engineering and management providing various specializations which students can pursue based on your interest. The course duration is typically of 3 years with the main focus on the training provided to have a successful career in the research and academic domain.

Ques. Which colleges in India offers Masters of Science course?

Ans. Masters of Science course is offered by colleges such as: IITs, BITS Pilani, IIIT Hyderabad, NITs, IISc, IIIT Bangalore, etc. Check MSc Top Colleges to know more.

Ques. What are the job opportunities after MSc?

Ans. Common job options after completing the master's degree are in research and industry as a scientist, associate researcher, research assistant, lecturer, and much more. Apart from this, you can also go further study and do PhD studies and earn around INR 20,000-30,000 monthly as stipend for PhD research.

Ques. Which is most favorable: Masters of Science in India?

Ans. Undoubtedly, Masters of Science in the US is more preferred because it provides the exposure and training of the international level, and the curriculum is more advanced. Most of the students aspire to obtain a master's degree in engineering in the USA and obtain a job in the country to find financial stability.





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